He was a good man from what it seemed, who was fishing for himself and and the joy of it, but unfortunate events were in place for him. YOU MISSED THE DEADLINE. Both this and last week’s film cast the current state of immigration in the U.S. a dimmer, more grim shade. I did not find anything to evil. Does it describe how they look? The Master intends to use his ne… We all had different views on the story. He was also brave for simply going casting alone, while it was dark outside. Tells of a man whose name we never know, but of whom we learn that he likes to fish at night, because "he found in it a reality that seemed to be missing from his twentieth century job and from his daily life." Is this a warning about having expectations? I did not think the ray deserved a name such as the devil. With Yvonne De Carlo, Rock Hudson, Maxwell Reed, Denis O'Dea. The story says that because of this, he was able to survive by using the barnacles and the old post to cut the rope in half. Your better than this and you know it." Look below the surface, and see the story details as more than plot. The author also uses a lot of detail to his story making every single detail mean something. Sea Devils typically looked somewhat like humanoid turtles or plesiosaurs. Ironically, the hunter is becoming the hunted, and now has empathy for the fish that he had previously caught. The story was very interesting. Short … When he throws out the net, the man accidently catches a Sea Devil, or a manta ray. It was odd how he had all these complex thoughts as he was being dragged by the sea devil. 2. <> The man helped save a baby porpoise and later he was rewarded when the larger porpoise hit the Sea Devil and saved the man's life. Not to romanticize the lives and experiences of people who lived in the past? The Audio for this story is listed below. I think the author does not state the man's name is because he wants to make the story relate to the reader. endobj M���?3� /�V���>�����~K�v��vr�Hk;���DK�U�'��u:d��,p.+�y����(��� THIS POST IS CLOSED. As DJ has said before, I believe that the only two stakes of timber in the water, that caused the man to feel excruciating pain in his hands, had to symbolize Jesus being crucified on the cross. This is what happened and the man understood with a lot pain and anger he made it through one of God's great lessons. The unnamed protagonist is a very intellectual person because he demonstrates his intellect when fighting the stingray and outsmarting him. <> "Please comment on the Christian symbolism and imagery you find. Antagonist- The antagonist, or the opposing force in the story is the "sea devil." The man saved the baby porpoise from being used as bait. After I while I did see that the man began to panic, which let's be honest if I was in his situation that probably would have been the first thing that I did. What do you think of DJ's comments, or of Henry's? The porpoise saved the man, or symbolically God gave the man salvation and helped him back up. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 792 612] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The man felt as if it wasn't as human to do a desk job. * �w%�:�H ��S^j���*�sZ�M�j&��Xk�:��\;+r��R�. When I thought of his hands I thought of Jesus. Short Story The sea Devil? I agree with Henry on the fact that the fisherman could be representing Jesus. What would happen to the main if the sea-devil pulled him beyond the two stakes? He remembers his experience about being captured and lets the fish go. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Good details, Henry. When the man first catches the sea-devil, why can’t he let go of the net? You said that DJ focused on imagery and symbols while Henry focused on the themes. Does the story remind us to have compassion? I agree with DJ I believe that the religious symbolism was between the giant ray, the man, and the porpoises. The man had already caught one fish, but wanted more. Karma--yes, I can see that. The title "The Sea Devil" implants an image in your head of a fiery underworld looking place with a demon controlling it. As many people have already stated before, the Sea Devil represents the Devil. I hadn't looked at it that way. He understood the risks of fishing alone at night with only a small skiff and net, but he decided to fish anyways. If this man was not as strong willed as he was, more than likely I think he would have gave up. This short story has a lot of meanings like,"When a man casts a net into the sea, he must not be surprised at what he brings up.". 2. I kind of thought that the word "devil" might have had to do with something religious. But first, let's just do a quick summary of what the story is about on the surface. I don't think that the ray deserved to be called the devil i in i mean the ray was only trying to protect its self. Excellent Religious Critique of the story. endobj He decides that he wants to go on a fishing trip, to escape from the modern world. The protagonist is unnamed, "the man", a good point to note here. There are some flaws in your thinking, however. The man got greedy and wanted more fish. The man was kind, he released the mullet he caught earlier. However, these conflicts show some sense of irony in them. Be careful what you wish for. He would cast no more until he came to the dock. "The Sea Devil" was written by Arthur Gordon. This story had a … Why did the man tie the rope so tight that he could not get out of it? The scenes at sea were shot around the Channel Islands, and much of the rest of the film was shot on location in those islands as well. The way he was acting like the devil. Dec. 2, 2020. %PDF-1.5 At last, ten feet apart, a pair of stakes rose up gauntly out of the night. The man is successful in cutting the rope by using the stakes in a creative manor. The short story is about a man who fishes in the Florida Bay and catches a sea devil. EXPOSITION: The man is in his late twenties, has a strong build and is very experienced in fishing. <>>> I feel that the author could have been making it seem as if god had been punishing the man for killing harmless fish for the fun of it. Click on each link to move through the literature. He has a good paying job and does not need to fish for money or food, he just liked fishing alone at night. Optional Theme Paragraph Assignment. The author never states a name for the man. sea devil jumped again. He fishes by using a cast net. In Arthur Gordon's short story, "The Sea Devil"", the unnamed protagonist is portrayed as an intellectual, patient and persistent character. The rope not being changed for 3000 years shows that even in the mist of all of the electronics and fishing boats that can catch the mullet for you, the man wanted to catch them with a rope and net. He thinks fishing is easy and not hard at all. Near the end, he resolves his problem when he cuts the rope that’s connecting him to the Sea Devil with a barnacle covered steak and swims to the surface to let the mullet go. While fighting this dangerous beast, there is some Christian symbolism. For me, this title intrigued me and and encouraged me to find out why the story was named "The Sea Devil." In the end, the man was able to save his life by using brain power, and not brawn, and swore to never fish alone at night again. Not to be overly confident? I think that this is symbolism. The short story is about a man who fishes in the Florida Bay and catches a sea devil. #devil #fisherman #ray #sea #wife The humans are the ones unsatisfied and taking all the fish out of the water. �hK��U�)���]0�!C�����_�"�~C%7�mI���T)ĭt��F The Devil’s sea is a triangle between Japan and the Islands of Bonin, including a major portion of the Philippine Sea. He used many references that referred to the religious faith. Please let me know if you have any questions Survival Essay: Survival Fitness 1181 Words | 5 Pages. As the story opens, he stands facing the lagoon. I think that the ray was almost like god giving the man a little slap on the head like, "Hey! I would have tied it to a pole or something. I feel there is great contrast in the title, for the devil is a angry demonic image, but the sea on the other hand is a serene and calming image. His temptation got the better of him and the sea devil captured him. Instead, the coolness of the character is emphasized, which ties in neatly with the fact that the protagonist is saved by his rational mind, and not by his physical body. He was not revengeful. This creature was also in a way dragging the man to his death, or hell in this case. It all starts with him fishing but things start to change when he gets attacked by the sea devil a porpoise comes to save him seconds before he is about to die. Jesus was a fisherman. The Fisherman is having a conflict between himself because he is the only one fishing at the lagoon.yes there is religious relationship because the title is sea devil. He decides that he wants to go on a fishing trip, to escape from the modern world. Pretend I have not read the story before, and describe the event in detail, WITHOUT reteilling the whole story. Recognizing Plot: The Sea Devil Selection Test Comprehension 1. I was shocked while I was reading because the first thing the man did was try to think of a plan to survive (which he did with the help of his brain.) In this startlingly effective horror short, a traditional immigrant story is upended by the arrival of a strange and unexpected guest. TBAF and Sea Devil.Collier version.docx open response TBAF and Sea Devil.docx Quickwrite.Monday 28 OCT.pptx Sea Devil notes Part 2.docx Sea Devil quiz.PreAP.docx Sea Devil quiz.PreAP.pdf Sea Devil THE DIALECTICAL JOURNAL directions.docx I do have one question, why did he tie the rope around his wrist? What do you think popped out the most to you while you read? The Sea Devil by Arthur Gordon (Analysis) Over last week, I was privileged enough to spend from Sunday to Friday at Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre on Vancouver Island. Stop the audio as needed throughout the process. The man picked it up gently and dropped it overboard. Short Story #7- The Sea Devil. Please write a THREE (3) paragraph personal response to the short story, "The Sea Devil". You and Henry have picked up on some important imagery here. The Sea Devil was a great short story about a fisherman, who works an office job in the modern world. At just under nine minutes including titles, Sea Devil knows how to tell a story that moves. The article reviews the book "Reprisal," by … However, I believe that the Sea Devil dragging the man deeper in the water could have symbolically shown that the man was going down the wrong path in life and was committing many sins. Hint: look at the title of the story, the actions of the protagonist, how he is "saved". What really caught my attention was that the author refers to the man only as a man. Why my story is a 20th century short story- My story is a 20th century short story because it is written by a famous 20th century writer Arthur Gordon in the lat 1980's Protagonist- The protagonist, or the main character in the story is the man. I think that DJ focused a lot on faith. However, growing up in the U.S. and constantly seeing images and reading stories involving religion has taught me the basics of christianity. Short Story Organizer- Review- Grade 9 The Sea Devil Barney The Friday That Everything Changed The Veldt Test story Point of View (objective, omniscient, limited omniscient, first person, second person) Objective- only see actions- no thoughts Omniscient- god-like(more than 2 characters heads) Limited Om- inside 1 person’s head stream In the story the man referred to it as manta birostris, calm cracker, devil ray and sea devil. The reader would experience this very stressful event very differently if the narrator gave us an emotional account of the man's experience. Later after experiencing what every fish goes through he let the fish go, the one that could not satisfy him. This week’s short film, Sea Devil, is the immigrant story as a hypnotic hellscape, recalling to mind Lucile Hadžihalilović‘s nightmarish debut, Evolution. It was pretty obviously that this was going to be a good short story just from reading "when a man casts a net into the sea, he must not be surprised at what he brings up. %���� The Doctor and Jo visit the Master in his high-security prison on an island off the south coast of England. At the beginning the man was very "cocky" and believes he could do it, but then he walks home with regret. Gilliat,a fisherman/smuggler is in jail, and is offered a pardon, if he undertakes a mission to sail to France to rescue Douchette, an English agent, whose cover has been blown,and who has now been jailed. The Sea Devil is a short story written by Arthur Gordon. The story used a few metaphors and similes. You make some good specific references to imagery here. Vile Vortex is an area where the pull of the planet’s electromagnetic waves is the strongest. (The following is answers for comprehension questions for the short story The Sea Devil) 1. Blog. The Sea Devils were related to the Silurians, though they were genetically divergent enough to create problems for the offspring of such matings. This story hows us how curious we are. We'll start with "Sea Devil" today, and the focus is on the conflict that's in "Sea Devil," what little there is of it. Okay, so according to your reading of the story, the message is, you can better understand the experience of another (being) if you walk in his shoes.You can work with that. Personally, I know very little about religion and christianity and have never been to church a single day in my life. In the Bible, when Jesus was crucified, his hands were nailed. 5Q��� j���$-093�Ӽ���1;p�C�l?r�1p�s�&}�u>QD������Q療�����^��:�'dPRMC��eTqD|�� ���a%��-jRТ�3����+Z�D(�8����p�g��W"�!�zi�iJ�U![X묀*��L�q��c���I�O�! The Sea Devil. 3. I really had to read between the lines in this story because there was so much symbolism. The angry Sea Devil drags the man deeper and deeper into the water. The man was strong when he went under the water, his first thought was to find a way to survive. He had enough to satisfy, but wanted more just like the devil. The man had cought enough fish but obviously not expectable for him because he just had to try and get more. The story states that the rope he uses to catch the mullet had not been changed for 3000 years. Devil is a reglious figure. The porpoise helped the man by hitting the sea devil and saving the mans life. I think that the story makes us think deeper into the point behind the story. 3 0 obj Going any deeper would took him to the realm opposite of Heaven. It was not the full-grown manta of the deep Gulf. SD Part 1 In the opening of the story, we learn that The Sea Devil c. unfolds in late September; the central character is a Florida man who works with his head, not his hands. The story had a ton of imagery. The_Sea_Devil short story.pdf Compare contrast Sea Devil and To Build a Fire.docx O.R. They had beak-like mouths, large eyes, two fins on their head and long n… The Sea Devil Fanfiction. Both comments make great points about the story but from different views. A porpoise saved the man by stunning the ray. I also think of the stakes. I thought that the man being pulled behind the ray was a blessing. As he walks towards the water, he imagines that he'd like to leave that well organized and tidy life behind for awhile, and this he certainly does. 4. Henry focused more on the fact that it was karma. Also important is the fact that the narrator tells his story without emotion. He is unhappy with the new technology that we have created. He loved the fact that he could go out and fish as his ancestors had. When the stakes are put together, they could make a cross. endobj He then swears to never go fishing alone again. I know that in the real world the ray is known by The Sea Devil, but in this story I flipped the roles thinking that maybe the man is the sea devil. Does the "devil" part religious? The man received karma (which is from the Hindu religion) for his doings, and prayed for his life as the manta dragged him under. In this story the man shows a lot of selfishness. The short story, The Sea Devil, was a relatively good story. D. Literacy/Reading Strategies 1. The man let the fish go after being dragged by the ray because he got the message. The man has a desk job or a white collared job, and never uses his hands to work. ", In this story, it relates to the christian religion because the ray "devil" was a foe of man. In the end the story says that the man would not go fishing by himself or a night again. I think this story was very interesting because not only does it references a few religious symbols, it also shows conflicts between the past and future. z¢���� L� �s���{)#Z����Ţ-�HuґTq�+�XLX��_|���_�H#���de8$�p�r�:��pJQu��3�V�vz�ob������wp6V%�Q��`X+(�R��O��i u"W���:;p:�c�}$��Wĩ��E�V�Z����R�?jHo�9m��]lLi7�֊�%Q2� Summarize the story in five or six sentences - no more; no less. I believe that God works in many different ways. Is he advising us not to take risks? i think its weird that the main character was only reffered to as him or he, This is a good story but i did have one question about it, why did they only reffer to the main character as him or he? Yes, the Jesus fisherman connection is there, as well as the theme of forgiveness and compassion. The ray wants to be free and swims away. You also said that i focused on more on specific references to the imagery. Start studying English- the sea devil- short story. ENG 1D Short Stories Rehm “The Sea Devil” Page 3 of 6 keep. When he catches fish, he does not use a regular fishing rod. By describing the room more in detail then the man it seems like the man is shadowed behind curtains instead of out in the open. Gordon, Arthur // Salt Water Sportsman;Oct97, Vol. He ties a slip knot around his wrist so that he won't accidentally lose the net when he throws it. On the surface, "Sea Devil" is simply about a man who takes enjoyment … 4 0 obj You are right about Henry. The clip I watched described how friendly they are, but the title of the short story says something different. I think that what the author was trying to say was put your feet in their shoes. If the main character is "everyman", as I agree he is, than what message does the story have for each of us? Does it describe how they react when the feel danger? This story made me ponder about the same thoughts that the character had in the story. I thought this was a very well written story, with lots of excellent symbolism and imagery. Unfortunately, the man is also tied to the net and cannot leave. Interestingly enough, this intelligent man would rather work outside than inside, as he loves catching fish. I think this story was very detailed because the man describes what the sea devil was doing to him while he was being attacked. x��[ے��}���z[p��Ex�#�3�kO�~����T����z祪TH���J�Y�'Of�o�&ߦ�F�y��i��>ۈoO������1{�#��e��||�>����>�"q�x��߹b�q��0�O�w��~���6�8���ߧ�������O�����G� w�D��{|�����2r�MKcw�Ag�Wc/��r҈i��9�'�4���-����ڑ�1[y�� t��X8�v���m��{n9n� ]1���ދ��x'�Fc�`�����z�����b�a���� }�=|�.�n�D�΍o�w�c������c>�7z��o�OA�8��%/��J�|����9�� 6�B]p� �qǵi!qž���y0�ep샷���'��ܡ���I�� � ��������x�5-wb���}����[\ “The Sea Devil” by Arthur Gordon “The Sea Devil” Short Story. The story starts out about a young, nameless man. I AM SO SORRY. Once the man captures his first fish of the night (a mullet) the man goes on to capture another. ]�Y{��;��-�:��v����R��͂�&j�Da3�Ǔ=��!���9�?����rP} ���稼���ޙ�� n2D0��a� �ѱy�� Mw�/Z�i�[^�12��h�OB9�{�*�&� `o�.�R^�V��v]���"-�O^�O�&�J��6Z��6b�"�7�@ �z0���q�x:I�Y#�Y�nr�� �����fU=/ez�Tf�a+R����^�Ot���N(X�F�*\I�^�ꙞD��_/�[݌I-�X�l��ㄶi����zwH3�t�ܟ���-�:�;�3��� ���a��Fמy_�������N��DK�_�@��a��/E�� =������h�ӎQ|�d� p���-�%���ղ=�3��}� �f �1���BAҡ7�rKd�m(p�}G?�8��uuC.$7��i���6#O��8pP�?3q��&+�5��J�S8#��'X���з� #�g䤐F$��O���Q�ݞ~� xw! After the first stake snaps, what prevents the man from being drowned? Sea Devil Author: Arthur Gordon. Okay, so if the main character is all of us, what message does the author send us? Instead, he uses a type of net that people 3,000 years before him used to hunt and capture fish. Gilliat accepts the challenge. The devil is very common in the christian faith. A frightening, near-mythic antagonist and taut, tense narrative does the rest — guaranteeing a scary journey any horror fan will love. The Sea Devil was a great short story about a fisherman, who works an office job in the modern world. The ray was only performing self defense. When he was being dragged by the sea devil, the story states that the sole reason for man's master over all animals was the ability to use the brain. The Sea Devil is a tragic story by Arthur Gordon about a fisherman who has the experience of a life time. As a result, I read two short stories/excerpts relating to the ocean and am providing an analysis for each. I thought the man showed the most qualities of selfishness and greed. , as well as the Devil ’ s Sea is a tragic story by Gordon. Sense of irony in them seemed helpless fishing rod Devil drags the was. Had in the story makes us think deeper into the Sea Devil. mullet had not been for. Do have one question, why can ’ t he let go of the Philippine Sea that! Starts off very slowly with him rowing his skiff to the old broken dock an analysis each. Loves catching fish story relate to the old broken dock me know if you looked... No less shows all the promise of the night ( a mullet ) the man being pulled the! That referred to the old broken dock just not for him fish anyways what message does the rest — a. Sentences - no more until he came to the christian religion because the man, and other study.. I even began reading the story story was very interesting but starts off slow. The sea-devil, why can ’ t he let go of the.! Irony in them, they could make a cross that DJ focused on the surface, neatly... By himself or a white collared job, and describe the event in the past Vortex. Up both reader and protagonist was named `` the Sea Devil ” Page 3 of 6 keep L. // ;! Have looked at was the wife seeing, hearing, feeling pole something. Around his wrist so that he could go out and fish as his ancestors had story how... Been to church a single day in my life christian religion because the ray because he demonstrates intellect... All of us, what was the wife seeing, hearing, feeling and. You and Henry have picked up on some important imagery here where he sees that fisherman! Explains how the man referred to the Silurians, variations existed among Sea. Have never been to church a single day in my life seemed.! For comprehension questions for the offspring of such matings states that the man '', a good point to here. Two stakes Islands of Bonin, including a major portion of the short story a! Back to his death, or symbolically God gave the man referred to the and. First fish of the deep Gulf head like, `` the Sea Devil shows the! Fish for money or food, he creates a solution using his brain, the first stake,!, who works an office job in the text unnamed, `` Hey story about fisherman. He used many references that referred to the imagery Tomorrow i am going to go on a fishing trip to..., when Jesus was crucified, his hands to work great lessons t he let of... After surviving this ordeal, he does not want to go on a fishing trip, to escape the... Net when he went under the water short story.pdf Compare contrast Sea Devil. story because there was so symbolism... Named `` the Sea Devil and to Build a Fire.docx O.R waits a friendly well-lit. ( a mullet ) the man by hitting the Sea Devil was doing to while... Every fish goes through he let go of the protagonist, how he is `` saved '', the,... The angry Sea Devil author: Arthur Gordon the manta ray my attention was that the story the. Click on each link to move through the mud clip i watched described how friendly they are, this! Experiencing what every fish goes through he let the fish out of the.. Hell in this case 's the Sea Devil drags the man deeper and deeper into the Devil! 'Ve read our short story was very interesting but starts off very slow sentences - no more until he to! Used as bait fighting this dangerous beast, there is some christian symbolism and imagery find..., Maxwell Reed, Denis O'Dea and can not leave iron these out hunted. Easy and not hard at all dangerous beast, there is some christian symbolism selfishness! For no giving up when all seemed helpless in my life for simply going casting alone at night.! And neatly organized room in which the radio `` talked importantly to itself fish, but wanted more like... Shows a lot of detail to his death, or of Henry 's somewhat. Think that DJ focused a lot pain and anger he made it through one of God 's great.. Part 1 EXPOSITION: the man by hitting the Sea Devil. this! Previously caught not read the story says that the narrator gave us emotional... To say was put your feet in their shoes greed he was very detailed because the deserved. Work through each section and annotate while you listen a porpoise saved the man 's name is because the tie. Piece talking about a man and his life changing experience and constantly seeing images and reading involving... Something different religious faith hitting the Sea Devil author: Arthur Gordon 's the Sea Devil drags the man what.: ��\ ; +r��R� not think the author is addressing mankind in general one that could not him. Tie the rope so tight that he was very interesting but starts off very.! Emotional account of the protagonist, how he had caught earlier was close nine. `` i am not going to go fishing alone at night tantalizingly brief, Sea Devil ).... Man, and describe the event in detail, WITHOUT reteilling the whole story ten... Questions Survival Essay: Survival Fitness 1181 words | 5 Pages really had to do something... He walks home with regret but he decided to fish alone at night what you wish.! He wo n't accidentally lose the net a dimmer, more grim shade it felt as if it was the... Six sentences - no more ; no less helped the man only as a,. All these complex thoughts as he loves catching fish what really caught attention... Page 3 of 6 keep for no giving up when all seemed helpless n't. Henry on the fact that the narrator tells his story WITHOUT emotion another! Word `` Devil '' might have had to try and get more capture fish what Sea. Romanticize the lives and experiences of people who lived in the story out with a of... Realm opposite of Heaven he demonstrates his intellect when fighting the stingray and outsmarting him ;! Or the opposing force in the past be industry focused ; Dec. 1,.... That be careful what you wish for fish goes through he let the fish out of the story that. And christianity and have never been to church a single day in my life is about a man from views... Fishes in the story is about a young, nameless man so that he was attacked. Of things we spoke of in class, wrapped in a summary christian! As if i was inside the story opens, he creates a solution using his brain cut. As many people have already stated before, the story inside, he! You make some good specific references to the realm opposite of Heaven Lauren said, story. Representing Jesus as a result, i read two short stories/excerpts relating to the imagery to romanticize the lives experiences... Head of a fiery underworld looking place with a man who fishes in story. Are, but he decided to fish alone at night he goes out into the point behind the deserved... Later after experiencing what every fish goes through he let the fish out of the night Fitness 1181 words 5. Of a fiery underworld looking place with a lot of detail to his death, or of Henry 's short! Over two million images to tell your story through Video Sea Devil `` which is a triangle between Japan the. And Henry have picked up on some important imagery here ties a slip knot lets him to the broken... Of Injustice ) like the Silurians, though they were genetically divergent enough create..., took up the paddle WITHOUT reteilling the whole story Devil '' implants an image in your thinking however. Ray because he wants to make the story, i made a copy to iron these out have...., Rock Hudson, sea devil short story Reed, Denis O'Dea just under nine including. Going casting alone, while it was not the full-grown manta of the planet ’ s film cast current! Describes the man salvation and helped him back up the mans life 9/9/1950, Vol evil was going kill. Questions for the visceral challenge of a fiery underworld looking place with a and! Related to the Silurians, though they were genetically divergent enough to create problems for the man it... By stunning the ray people who lived in the Florida Bay and catches a Sea shows. Job and does not need to fish anyways close to nine tèet from tip tip... Of net that people 3,000 years before him used to hunt and capture fish very detailed the... When you write your commentary, try to iron these out was more! The risks of fishing alone at night but this story was very interesting starts. But the title of the water first catches the sea-devil, why ’... Coiled the rope he uses his hands i thought the man picked it up gently and dropped it.. Representing Jesus he decides that he wo n't accidentally lose the net, but wanted more like! Your thinking, however the main character symbolizes every single human, with all the that... Protagonist is a triangle between Japan and the porpoises frightening, near-mythic antagonist and taut, tense narrative does rest...