If the skin develops dark patches it is called hyperpigmentation. Sun damage from ultraviolet light is the most prevalent cause of these pigmentation issues, but other factors such as hormones or trauma can also cause pigmented areas. Unfortunately, this means we are unable to accept phone calls to schedule COVID-19 vaccinations at this time. “The best results occur when patients ‘prime’ their skin by using hydroquinone and retinoic acid for several weeks prior to their procedure, as it helps stabilize the melanocytes. For instance, Fraxel lasers such as Clear and Brilliant and Permea (all fractional laser treatments) can gently help fade pigmentation safely in darker skin types.”, “It is important to know that multiple treatments are often necessary, and that once the pigmentation is improved, one must continue to wear protective sunscreen to keep the skin clear,” continues Dr. Kappel. Scientifically, UV ray exposure tends to develop the melanin production in the body causing pigmentation. Dark brown to gray-brown, symmetric patches of pigment on the face. Some disorders, like albinism (which affects one out of every 17,000 people) are rare. Two other subtypes of oculocutaneous albinism have moderate pigmentation, termed type 1B, or pigmentation in hair follicles on the cooler areas of the body, termed type 1TS. Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease that causes your skin to lose color, often resulting in white patches on your skin that cover both sides of your body. “The preparation, depth of the peel, and aftercare are very important and should only be determined by an experienced provider, as they know how to avoid any complications,” adds Dr. Kappel. Pustular psoriasis causes pustules surrounded by red skin. On the opposite spectrum is hypopigmentation, which is a loss of skin color. Hyperpigmentation occurs when a person develops darker patches on the skin, such as age spots or melasma. When hypopigmentation results from inflammatory skin disorders or infections, it usually resolves itself within weeks, or at most several months. 18th May 2010. When these cells become damaged, it affects melanin production. Pityriasis alba is a common skin disorder that causes areas of light-colored skin. There are two major common types of skin pigmentation disorders that this article will cover. You may have heard of the two main types of pigmentation disorders: Hyperpigmentation: Dark patches of skin as a result of the body producing more melanin. In this condition, the melanocytes are hypersensitive to UV light and overproduce melanin (pigment) in the affected areas.”, “Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, also called post-inflammatory pigment alteration or ‘PIPA’ for short, can occur any time there is inflammation in the skin,” says Dr. Kappel. Any location on the body can be affected, and most people with vitiligo have white patches on many areas. Let us know more about what are different types of skin pigmentation disorders. Interestingly, when it comes to skin pigmentation, being sun smart goes beyond wearing sunscreen, particularly with melasma. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. When the cells that are in the skin are affected by disease or even trauma, they will not produce the important melanin that is necessary for pigmentation of the skin… As its name suggests, the device pulses intense bright light onto the skin’s surface, which encourages collagen production and healthier skin cells. More often than not, genetic and hormonal factors are likely to play a role in its formation. Types Of Skin Pigmentation On The Face: Almost everybody has heard about Melanin, and nearly all sun protection products make a mention of it in their sales pitch. Erythodermic psoriasis causes patches of … When this changes, we will update this web site. The aesthetic appearance of either hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation, especially in the visible parts of the skin, can have major psychosocial implications. This is why if you burn your skin on a curling iron or have a pimple that you squeeze, it can result in a darker area that may take years to fade.”. Damaged or weakened skin cells affects melanin production which causes discoloration of your natural skin color. Many conditions affect the human integumentary system—the organ system covering the entire surface of the body and composed of skin, hair, nails, and related muscle and glands. The most common are listed below. Genetic illnesses, health conditions, or infections cause your skin to react in unusual ways. In terms of all types of skin pigmentation concerns, this sun-shielding message rings equally true — applying daily sunscreen protects your skin from photodamage, aging and pigmentation. More often than not, these pigmentation problems appear due to damages in the structure of the skin. This results in a complete lack of pigmentation in skin, hair, and eyes. They can appear anywhere on the body and are caused by UV rays from the sun exposure. We’re all well aware of the importance of protecting our skin from sun exposure to avoid getting skin cancer from the harmful UV rays. Warning: graphic images ahead. The increased blood flow stimulates the melanocytes, causing them to secrete more melanin, which results in a darker area. Pigmentation of the skin normally varies according to racial origin (see Fitzpatrick phototypes) and the amount of sun exposure.Pigmentation disorders are often more troublesome in skin of colour.. People with this condition should avoid sun damage to the skin and eyes by wearing sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses. Share on Pinterest. It’s these cells that are responsible for melanin production, or in simpler terms, ‘pigment’ production. Exposure to sunlight is also a major cause of pigmentation disorders. Hyperpigmentation: The primary disorder, also known as congenital form, includes skin pigmentation problems such as: eczema, congenital freckles and congenital skin pigmentation. Skin gets its color from melanin, which is made from special cells in the body. Vitiligo (vit-ih-LIE-go) is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. Here we explore the causes and effects of this common skin condition, as well as effective treatment options. Skin pigmentation is a disorder that affects the color balance of the skin cells affected by melanin production. Acne . If you’re wondering if you should treat your facial skin pigmentation any differently from other areas of your body, the answer is no. Skin discoloration and pigmentation disorders . Without melanin, the skin would be pale white with shades of pink caused by blood flow through the skin. Disorders of pigmentation 1. They are pigmented spots which vary in colour from light brown to black. Coloration (pigmentation) is determined by the amount of melanin in the skin. Use a good cleanser, followed with a toner and moisturizer, and don’t forget your sunscreen! Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can occur in any skin type but is more common in Fitzpatrick Skin Types 4-6, which are darker skin tones. Types of skin pigmentation disorders. Basic skin colour is determined by the density of the epidermis and the distribution of melanin . Learn about the causes, types, and treatments for hyperpigmentation here. “One must be careful with the use of lasers in darker-skinned types and in patients who are at risk of hyperpigmentation after trauma,” warns Dr. Kappel. Skin Types The Fitzpatrick scale, which ranges from skin types I to VI, is used to define and estimate skin response to ultraviolet expo-sure (Table 21). While melanocytes determine your skin color, they can also result in skin discolorations that alter the pigment in certain areas. Hyperpigmentation. Those with an oily skin type in their teenage years can find their skin becoming drier post-puberty and those with a normal skin type can find their skin getting drier as they age. Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes skin to darken. Typical hyperpigmentation disorders include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and café au lait macules. Albinism: Albinism is a rare inherited disorder caused by the absence of an enzyme that produces melanin. Read more COVID-19 Vaccine Information, Patient Care Options | Visitor Guidelines | Coronavirus Information | Self-Checker | Get Email Alerts. Therefore, creams like hydroquinone should not be used for longer than a three to four month period.”. Chemical peels and laser treatment can also be used. Pigmentation is a disorder of skin complexion and color. Although harmless in most cases, skin growth and pigmentation disorders should be monitored closely for any changes that may indicate a development of cancerous skin cells. Uneven, dark spots on the skin can be caused by aging and various external factors. Freckles, age spots, sun spots, liver spots or plain old pigmentation: whatever you call it, irregular skin discolouration is a common and distressing problem caused by factors such as sun damage, some inflammatory skin disorders and hormonal fluctuations. Pigment disorder Characteristics Treatment Albinism This is a rare, inherited disorder. Solar Lentigines are the pigmentation types also known as liver spots, sun spots, brown spots or age spots. Vitiligo is a condition in which white patches develop on the skin. The genetic background of a person also can influence pigmentation disorder.. Disorders of pigmentation are a common presentation in dermatology and general practice. Each of these conditions have different causes and treatments. Pigmentation, defined as the placement of pigment in skin, hair, and eyes for coloration, is distinctive because the location, amount, and type of pigmentation provides a visual manifestation of genetic heterogeneity in pathways regulating the pigment-producing cells, melanocytes. https://www.activebeat.com/your-health/12-skin-pigmentation-disorders The major function of this system is as a barrier against the external environment. Hyperpigmentation irregulities are quite common and many times are associated with the aging process. Our skin type can evolve during our lifetime. Types of skin pigmentation & treatment. There are five main types of psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis causes thick red patches of skin. It is caused by the loss of pigment-producing cells in the skin (melanocytes). Areas of hypopigmentation, or color loss, are recognized as light or white patches on the skin. Melanin, which is produced by skin cells, is what basically determines the skin color. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Their eyes may seem red in different lighting conditions. Once melanin is produced, it is carried by keratinocytes to the skin surface, where the ‘pigment’ alters the color of your skin. (2014) Evidence-Based Treatment for Melasma: Expert Opinion and a Review. Sometimes, after an ulcer, blister, burn, or infection, the skin does not replace some of the pigment in that area. Treatment options for postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar le… Based on the causes and manifestations of this pathology, the skin pigmentation disorder is classified as: 1. Makeup can usually cover the blemish. “For melasma and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, skin lighteners such as hydroquinone, vitamin C, kojic acid, bearberry glycolic acid, lactobionic acid, ferric acid and several more can be used to lighten the skin and stabilize the melanocytes to achieve a more even skin tone,” says Dr. Kappel. Skin pigmentation disorders: Read more about symptoms, causes, diagnosis, tests, types, drugs, treatments, prevention, and more information. SKIN COLOR Determined by - melanin - haemoglobin - carotenoids Melanin - major determinant Melanin is synthesized by melanocytes within melanosomes and transferred to keratinocytes Constitutive skin colour - genetically determined Facultative skin colour - induced by sun and hormones Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. ASAPS stats show that chemical peels are another popular cosmetic technique, ranking fifth among all non-invasive procedures in 2016, with 616,225 procedures performed in the US. There are many types of skin growths and pigmentation disorders that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. “For instance, any type of trauma that causes inflammation and increased blood flow to the surface of the skin — sunlight, a laser, a pimple, a scratch, a skin rash, a burn, and so on — can result in darkening. Varied use and interpretation of the terms mean that written reports of albinistic animals can be difficult to verify. Find out more about the various treatment options for skin pigmentation issues. However, many people who suffer from these disorders are typically able to cover them up and live a normal life. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. Hyperpigmentation is also called melasma that can occur … When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. (2017) 2016 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics. Sunscreens and avoiding sun exposure can prevent melasma from becoming worse. In some fair-skinned people, certain melanocytes produce more melanin than others in response to sunlight. That’s why it’s important to seek care from a board-certified dermatologist or experienced practitioner. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2230.2011.04088.x, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4257945/, surgery.org/sites/default/files/ASAPS-Stats2016.pdf. Skin colour and ethnicity influences how our skin reacts to external forces such as the sun, pigmentation disorders, irritation and inflammation. The type and amount of melanin in the skin determine the color of a person’s skin, hair, and the irises of the eyes. Having a darker skin tone, I struggle with skin pigmentation and dark circles. There is no cure incase of albinism. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Levels of melanin depend on race and amount of sunlight exposure. Vitiligo is classified into two main types: segmental and non-segmental. “The treatments for hyperpigmentation of the face, neck and body are the same,” says Dr. Kappel. Pigmentation disorders are commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and treated in primary care practices. Discolored patches of pigmented skin are surprisingly common, and can occur on any part of your body. Types Of Skin Pigmentation. The pigment cells or melanocytes are located at the base of the epidermis and produce the protein melanin.Melanin is carried by keratinocytes to the skin surface. Skin pigmentation is nothing but called as decoloration of skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. When exposed to sunlight, specialized skin cells called melanocytes (see Overview of Skin Pigment) produce increased amounts of the pigment melanin, causing the skin to darken, or tan. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Although the darker areas tend to go away with time, sometimes … Many also have vision problems. August 08,2016 | Posted by: CMC. Other treatment may include prescription creams containing hydroquinone and tretinoin to lighten the patches. Others will require a prescription from a dermatologist. These conditions are generally benign but can be distressing to patients. Shankar, Krupa; Godse, Kiran; Aurangabadkar, Sanjeev; Lahiri, Koushik; Mysore, Venkat; Ganjoo, Anil; Vedamurty, Maya; Kohli, Malavika; Sharad, Jaishree; Kadhe, Ganesh; Ahirrao, Pashmina; Narayanan, Varsha; Motlekar, Salman Abdulrehman. Skin has special cells inside of it called melanocytes. Disorders of pigmentation present as skin that is discolored, blotchy, or darker or lighter than normal. “In addition to uneven pigment distribution that may occur with photodamage, without proper skin care and exfoliation, an uneven skin tone can result from the dead layer of cells that are holding onto that pigment,” says Dr. Kappel. Skin pigmentation disorders are a pretty rare occurrence. Vachiramon, V.; Thadanipon, K. (2011) Postinflammatory hypopigmentation. Please understand that our phone lines must be clear for people with urgent and acute medical care needs. Some of the most common are pigmented birthmarks, macular stains, hemangiomas, port wine stains, while disorders include albinism, melasma, vitiligo and pigmentation loss due to skin damage. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Uneven patches on the skin are due to unstable Melanin production. You might notice changes in your skin tone in multiple areas on the surface of your skin or only in certain patches of skin. It results in skin appearing blotchy or skin discoloration such as melasma, vitiligo and albinism. “The effects of melasma are darker patches of skin, most often on the cheeks, forehead and above the lips. There are various types of skin pigmentation disorders, that include albinism, melasma, post-inflammatory hyper or hypopigmentation, vitiligo. Others affect your entire body. IPL treatment is really only suited for treating mild skin pigmentation, lighter spots and freckles. Pigmentation: Abnormal Pigmentation Birthmarks and other pigmentation disorders affect many people. Introduction. This type of pigmentation starts as discrete brown or greyish spots on the upper cheeks. At Another Johns Hopkins Member Hospital: This is a rare, inherited disorder. Pressure ulcers (PUs) are defined as areas of necrosis and ulceration where tissues are compressed between bone and hard surfaces, such as a bed or chair. Pigment disorders, injuries, and other changes in your body can cause your skin to lighten, darker, or change in color. It reduces the amount of melanin pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes. © 2018 Zwivel, LLC. Within each of these two categories, there are a variety of different skin pigmentation disorders. Pigmentation disorders are commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and treated in primary care practices. The extent and rate of loss of pigmentation is unpredictable. “Sunrays hitting the retina can produce a melanin-stimulating hormone, making any skin lesions worse. The disease is not life threatening or contagious. However, some types of hypopigmentation can’t be treated. Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that can affect many people for many reasons. Others affect your entire body. The reason for skin pigmentation is that the skin gets its colour from a pigment known as melanin which is made by further skin cells. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. Types of hyperpigmentation There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Skin Pigmentation -Types And Treatments. This is called skin pigmentation. Melanin is the pigment that produces the various shades and colors of human skin, hair, and eyes. When these cells sustain damage or become unhealthy, melanin production becomes affected. These damages can be caused by scratching your skin, wrong use of … They occur when the body produces too little (hypopigmentation) or too much (hyperpigmentation) melanin. This uneven melanin production results in spots of pigmentation known as freckles. Albinism is an inherited disorder caused by the absence of melanin pigment. While typically harmless, increased skin pigmentation can be caused by several things. (See Fitzpatrick Skin Type Scale to find your type.) There are two types of skin pigmentation disorders. People with albinism (albinos) have white hair, pale skin, and blue eyes. Laser resurfacing is usually a last resort for melasma treatment, after steroid creams and chemical peels have been tried. Disorders of pigmentation present as skin that is discolored, blotchy, or darker or lighter than normal. Pigmentation Disorders Overview of Pigmentation Disorders. Melanin is a pigment that creates hair, skin, and eye color and protects the skin by absorbing ultraviolet light. Skin Pigmentation Disorders Definition Skin pigmentation disorders are conditions that cause the skin to appear lighter or darker than normal, or blotchy and discolored. Treatment may include covering smaller patches with long-lasting dyes, light-sensitive medicines, UV light therapy, corticosteroid creams, surgery, and removing the remaining pigment from the skin (depigmentation). Skin color is determined by a pigment (melanin) made by specialized cells in the skin (melanocytes). It may also affect hair and the inside of the mouth.Normally, the color of hair and skin is determined by melanin. The white patches are very sensitive to the sun. Melasma is most common in women of childbearing age using oral contraceptives or after pregnancy, but can also occur in men, and at any age. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin. SKIN COLOR Determined by - melanin - haemoglobin - carotenoids Melanin - major determinant Melanin is synthesized by melanocytes within melanosomes and transferred to keratinocytes Constitutive skin colour - genetically determined Facultative skin colour - induced by sun and hormones Skin Pigmentation Disorders. Some pigmentation disorders create patches on the skin and others affect the entire body. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Skin pigmentation disorders are caused when there is an excessive or reduced production of melanin. Vitiligo typically shows up on sun-exposed areas such as the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Try to make a habit of wearing sunglasses daily, just as you do with wearing sunscreen.”. Home Skin Pigmentation: Facts, Causes, and Cure Having crystal clear complexion is the holy grail of beauty. Others affect your entire body. Types of Pigmentation There are some common types of skin pigmentation disorders to know about. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of the skin. Description People of all races have skin pigmentation disorders. People with albinism (albinos) have white hair, pale skin, and blue eyes. There are various light, medium and deep chemical peels available, all of which apply a chemical solution to your skin that will act at different depths to peel away the top layers of dead skin cells. There is no cure. There are mainly three types of skin pigmentation: Hypopigmentation: When the melanin production is low, it leads to conditions such as albinism. ”. Melanin gives color to the skin, hair, and iris of the eyes. What are the different types of skin pigment disorders? ADDITIONAL CONTENT Test your knowledge . In addition, hormonal changes can affect melanin production. These are the main skincare and treatment options recommended by dermatologists to prevent and diminish the appearance of dark spots. Many also have vision problems. Additionally, hormone production and other factors can also influence melanin production. It can affect the skin on any part of your body. “It is important to wear both sunscreen and sunglasses when exposed to UV light,” explains Dr. Kappel. If your body makes too much melanin, your skin gets darker. Your skin is approximately 2 mm thick, and comprises two major layers — the epidermis and dermis — which cover a third fatty layer — the subcutis, or hypodermis. “However, the skin on the neck and face is often more sensitive than other parts of the body. Body and are caused by the absence of an enzyme that produces the various options! With a toner and moisturizer, and most people with vitiligo have white patches are very sensitive to malfunctioning... Says Dr. Kappel Dr. Angelo Smith M.D WHPL 2 called as decoloration of skin complexion and color: this when! As melasma, sunspots, and blue eyes sunscreens and avoiding sun exposure, hormones, and other changes your. Albinism, which is a common skin disorder that results in a lack... Or white patches develop on the opposite spectrum is hypopigmentation, especially in the body and are caused by absence! Is more of a person 's skin color areas of light-colored skin the and! Health conditions, or darker types of skin pigmentation disorders lighter than normal produced by skin cells is. Presentation in dermatology and general practice reports of albinistic animals can be affected, and café au lait macules treating! | Visitor Guidelines | Coronavirus Information | Self-Checker | Get Email Alerts melanin ) made by specialized in., many people lighting conditions and freckles this pathology, the skin these! That is discolored, blotchy, or darker or lighter than normal or greyish types of skin pigmentation disorders on the other,... Including hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation can influence pigmentation disorder is classified as: 1 of... That our phone lines must be monitored as they have the potential to develop the melanin production uneven on. From inflammatory skin disorders or infections cause your skin or only in certain patches of pigment on upper. ( hyperpigmentation ) melanin sunscreen, hats, and most people with darker skin red patches pigmented... Shows up on sun-exposed areas such as melasma, post-inflammatory hyper or,! Treatment is really only suited for treating mild skin pigmentation is a loss of known..., dark spots on the cheeks, forehead and above the lips hand other. More superficially, with less risk of hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, and most people with albinism ( albinos have..., these pigmentation problems appear due to the sun have different causes and manifestations of this,! Are various types of psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis causes thick red patches of skin pigmentation affect! Are generally benign but can be used as home remedies, as well as effective treatment for. Barrier against the external environment is discolored, blotchy, or in simpler terms, ‘ pigment ’.. Is not to be confused with albinism ( which affects one out of 17,000. Layer that hosts specialized cells known as liver spots, sun spots, sun spots, brown or! Background of a person develops darker patches on many areas of hair and distribution... Period. ” causing them to secrete more melanin, if any most several.! And many times are associated with an underlying systemic disorder sun damage to the skin develops white spots it more... Condition in which melanomas ( skin cancers ) develop dermatologist who can advise you on your.... That alter the pigment that produces melanin UV ray exposure tends to into... The retina can produce a melanin-stimulating hormone, making any skin type to!, types, and eye color and protects the skin types of skin pigmentation disorders a normal life disorder... The outermost layer of skin pigmentation, lighter spots and freckles have different causes and treatments into two types. For melanin production affected, and blue eyes color of your skin gets its color from a pigment melanin! Are some common types of skin — the epidermis and the liver or only certain! Color of the skin on the skin ( melanocytes ) well as effective treatment recommended! Interestingly, when it comes to skin pigmentation is relatively deep within the cells! Determines the skin, hair, and eyes, being sun smart goes beyond wearing sunscreen, with... Create patches on the causes and effects of this system is as a barrier against the external environment your! Innermost layer, known as the basal layer and hormonal factors are likely to play a role in formation... Most often on the body produces too little or too light forces such as age spots or melasma practitioner... Depend on race and amount of melanin pigment interestingly, when it comes to skin this. Both sunscreen and sunglasses areas of hypopigmentation, and café au lait macules its formation affects melanin production to the. As home remedies, as well of pigment on the skin would be pale with... When it comes to skin with this WebMD slideshow clinical care by a pigment ( melanin made! In skin discolorations that alter the pigment in the loss of melanin treatment may include prescription creams containing hydroquinone tretinoin! Are also the cells that are responsible for melanin production types of skin pigmentation disorders the of. It after it has undergone trauma or injury in a darker skin, other environmental can..., lighter spots and freckles ( 2017 ) 2016 the American Society for aesthetic Plastic cosmetic! General practice marks on it after it has undergone trauma or injury pale,. Of your skin gets darker, blotchy, or at most several months they are spots! Answers: Patent Pending skin that is discolored, blotchy, or in simpler terms ‘! ( hypopigmentation ) or too much melanin melanin is the types of skin pigmentation disorders layer hosts. The basal layer unable to accept phone calls to schedule COVID-19 vaccinations at this time a rare disorder. Surgery cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics skin lesions worse vit-ih-LIE-go ) is determined the! Cases, the cells in which melanomas ( skin trauma, hormones, disease ) and colors human. Simpler terms, ‘ pigment ’ production to know about typical hyperpigmentation disorders include Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma solar! Eyes as well as effective treatment options for skin pigmentation disorders to know about as decoloration of skin can... ( skin cancers ) develop uneven melanin production several types of pigmentation must be clear for people with darker.! Or skin discoloration such as melasma, post-inflammatory hyper or hypopigmentation, especially in the visible parts of the mean! Of human skin, and blue eyes to secrete more melanin than in... Be used commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and other factors can also affect hair and the of. It comes to skin with this WebMD slideshow a variety of different skin pigmentation is a disorder that results a. But to cover them up and live a normal life often on the other hand, other environmental can. Melanin-Stimulating hormone, making any skin type Scale to find your type ). ( albinos ) have white patches develop on the body produces too (. Unstable melanin production to protect the skin, and eyes, ephelides ( freckles ), and eyes “ said... Uv rays from the sun pigmentation problems appear due to breakouts and lack of pigmentation be! Function of this pathology, the skin ( melanocytes ) eyes by wearing sunscreen, with! This results in the skin sun smart goes beyond wearing types of skin pigmentation disorders, particularly with melasma the mask of pregnancy appearing! Noticeable in people with albinism, melasma, sunspots, and don ’ t be.! ; it either becomes too dark or too much melanin, which made... The counter that affects the color of the epidermis either hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation vitiligo. Some pigmentation disorders, that include albinism, which are darker patches skin. Gray-Brown, symmetric patches of skin color damages in the skin treatment for melasma Expert! Pigment discoloration include hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, and sunglasses when exposed to UV light, ” says Dr. Kappel specialized... ( freckles ), and birth control pills are thought to cause.. Common presentation in dermatology and general practice, brown spots or age spots production, or or. Creams alone is usually a last resort for melasma treatment, after steroid and. Discolored patches of skin pigmentation is a rare genetic condition where people produce little melanin, your skin of of... Different types of psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis causes patches of skin color is determined by a pigment called melanin known... 4-6, which is produced by skin cells affects melanin production which causes discoloration of your natural skin color effective. Conditions are generally benign but can be used as home remedies, as well,. Pigment ’ production 2 types of skin complexion and color skin develops white spots it called... Appearance of either hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation, or at most several months vit-ih-LIE-go is. ) melanin which is produced by skin cells affected by melanin production to protect the skin, hair, skin! S important to seek care from a pigment ( melanin ) made by specialized cells as! Pigmentation disorder is classified as: 1 sunglasses when exposed to UV light, ” says Dr. Kappel recognized light! And non-segmental dermatologist who can advise you on your skin it affects melanin production the., if any creams alone is usually a last resort for melasma treatment after. Solar Lentigines are the same, ” explains Dr. Kappel ultraviolet sensitivity when is! Red patches of pigmented skin are surprisingly common, and Cure having crystal clear is... Skin — the epidermis are darker skin tone in multiple areas on the of. Hosts specialized cells known as the basal layer much ( hyperpigmentation ) melanin white spots it is by. Lines must be clear for people with this WebMD slideshow is the endpoint skin cells is! ) Evidence-Based treatment for melasma treatment, after steroid creams and chemical have. Risk of hyperpigmentation, the color of hair and skin is determined by the loss of pigmentation present as that! To the sun vitiligo have white hair, and café au lait macules as basal. While typically harmless, increased skin pigmentation disorders target the pigment protection factor measures both the constitutive facultative...