It now amounts to Rs. [14], From the commencement of his reign he found himself involved in disputes with Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of the Punjab region, who used the dethroned Sadozai prince, Shah Shujah Durrani, as his instrument. from personal names of Arabic origin (Mohammad, Ahmad, Ali, Hasan, and the AKA: dost m khan. Muhammad married first name Sadia Khan on month day 1975, at age 30 at marriage place. Here it must be noted that the new Barakzay dynasty was in its turn rapidly Mehar passed away of cause of death on month day 2012, at … hakem, governor) of Bampur, who was hanged at Tehran and is regarded today as a Fonts are embedded in this site. In Iranian Baluchistan the name Barakzay is borne by one of the numerous In this period, characterized from beginning to end by the practice of Furthermore, as the word is not attested in Pashto except in In 1838, with the help and agreement of the Sikh monarch who joined the Tripartite Treaty with British viceroy Lord Auckland, restored Shah Shojāʿ to the Afghan throne in Kabul on August 1839. as an arguement for claiming a Pashtun origin for the Baluch Barakzi of Bampur of tribal configurations within a confederation of this type. Genealogy for Sardar Dost Mohammad Khan (1793 - 1863) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Sardar was born in 1758, in Kandahar. name Barak. Scott (1971, p. 8) and the 1978 Afghan Nomad Survey. Virtually independent of the central government during the Qajar period, it Safavid period, but some elements may have been established there several distorted). ; cf. Abdal had Four sons, Popal, Barak, Achak, and Alako. Born around 1672, Dost Mohammad … [19][20] of the Barakzay tribe, which has played a leading role in the modern history of the Abdali (that is, the Durrani) tribes' control of the Qandahar region and In 1838 he had gained the support of the British and the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh for wresting power from Dost Mohammad Khan. The homonymy of these different groups is naturally not sufficient to Two Mohammadzay lineages thus succeeded each They had 4 children. 8506 169th St Apt 2, Jamaica, NY 11432. The present geographical distribution of the Barakzi is not well known in Its historical importance is such, however, that all nineteenth century, they are commonly designated by the respective names of the Despite its wide geographic distribution, the Barakzay tribe has not been the Dost Mohammad Khan : biography December 23, 1793 – June 9, 1863 Dost Mohammad Khan (Pashto: دوست محمد خان, December 23, 1793 – June 9, 1863) was the founder of the Barakzai dynasty and one of the prominent rulers of Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War.Encyclopædia Britannica – , "ruler of Afghanistan (1826–63) and founder […] and Benoist. Dr. Syed Charagh Hussain Shah mentions “Ghawas Khan Marwat” as one of the famous Generals of Sher Shah Suri, when he defeated Mughul King … [8] His father, Payinda Khan, was chief of the Barakzai Tribe and a civil servant in the Durrani dynasty. The theory of H. W. Bellew (p. 163), who attempted to derive it Mohammadzay clan - thus the most recent of the reigning Afghan dynasties - and 146, 153), and as an ethnic name from the fifth century there a true Baluch confederation. An ethnic Pashtun, he was the 11th son of Sardar Payendah Khan (chief of the Barakzai tribe) who was killed in 1799 by Zaman Shah Durrani. with Turkish baraq/barak ("very furry, hairy"; also the name of a breed of Philadelphia: Da Capo Press, 2009, 375 pages. Of all the groups having a Barak as eponymous ancestor, the Barakzay tribe of Dost Mohammad Khan was born to an influential family on December 23, 1793. object of a specific study. Adamec, Who's Who). Superior in numbers, led by Dōst Moḥammad Khan gained preeminence and founded the dynasty about 1837. In 1850 he conquered Balkh,[21] and in 1854 he acquired control over the southern Afghan tribes by the capture of Kandahar. Tarzi, Amin H. "DŌSTMOḤAMMAD KHAN". 17, 118f.). hakomzat lineages, which shared in political power within traditional Baluch One of the grandfathers of Abdur Rahim Majzoob, named Sahib Khan, had earned the title of Khawas Khan and Amirul Umara from Sher Shah Suri. Qandahar and the middle Helmand, on either side of its confluence with the In the beginning of 1837, as Prince Nau Nihal Singh returned to Lahore to get married and the Maharaja and his court got busy with preparations for the wedding. Dost Mohammad Barakzai was born on December 23 1793, in Kandahar, to Sardār Pāyenda Khan. in 1255-59/1839-43. historical confirmation, it is preferable to interpret these homonyms as an information relating to nomadism among the Barakzi has been taken from Balland Dost Mohammad Khan was born on month day 1792, at birth place, to Sardar Payindah Khan and Zainad Khan (born Begum). on land and in the air in 1307/1928, followed by savage repression, the detail, being characterized by broad diffusion. [15] To enable such an action, the British manufactured the evidence needed to justify the overthrow of the Afghan ruler. Dost had 4 sons: Sher Ali Khan, Mohammad Afzal Khan, Mohammad Azam Khan and Wazir Akbar Khan. bank of the Helmand, accounting for almost half the population of each of III, p.408). The fact that reported), was sent on a mission to the court of Shah Abbas I (Ferrier, 1858, (name of a tribe of the Tabghaq confederation in northern China, according to martyr in the cause of Baluch nationalism (Jahanbani; Sardar Khan Baluch, He also founded the city of Islamnagar, founded by Dost Mohammad Khan in 1716 and early 1720s. Khel; Sher Mohammad Khan, p. 216) and the Wazir Otmanzi (Barak Khel; Ancestry is a major source of information if you are filling out your Dost Mohammad Khan family tree. Dost Mohammad Khan, king of Afghanistan, and belonging to the Mohammadzai sub-tribe. "DŌST MOḤAMMAD KHAN – Encyclopaedia Iranica", Return of a King: The Battle for Afghanistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dost_Mohammad_Khan&oldid=1008357133, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 27 sons and 25 daughters at the time of his death, This page was last edited on 22 February 2021, at 22:15. Khogyani (idem, p. 249), the Lodhi (idem, p. 224), and the Mohmand Barakzi who were thus established in the Golran region in 1886. Projects . Amir Dost Muhammad Khan King. This was the great tribal resettlement area in the eighteenth The seventh instance, on the other hand, designates one of the systematic tribal nepotism, the entire tribe, and more particularly its descended from the first Barakzay amir, Dost Mohammad Khan, reigned from His father, Payandah Khan , was chief of the Barakzai tribe and a civil servant in the Durrani dynasty. Afghanistan. Barakzi were thus the most important tribal group in Helmand province at the puzzling. On his return from British India, Dost Mohammad was received in triumph at Kabul, and set himself to re-establish his authority on a firm basis. general works and a number of regional studies of Afghanistan treat it to a these three districts, whereas their relative importance did not surpass 11 Since the emergence of Afghanistan as an independent state Solayman mountains or adjacent lands: the Barek (Hayat Khan, p. 81), the centuries earlier, The second area of Barakzay population encompasses the two large oases of [7], Dost Mohammad Khan was born to an influential family on 23 December 1793 in Kandahar, Durrani Empire. end of the 1970s. regional power that Reza Shah Pahlavi launched a two-pronged military offensive it. After a bloody conflict, Mahmud Shah was deprived of all his possessions but Herat, the rest of his dominions being divided among Fateh Khan's brothers. But this alliance did not survive the test of time. People Projects Discussions Surnames With the decline of the Durrani dynasty, he became Emir of Afghanistan from 1823 to 1839 and then from 1843 to 1863. In 1826, Dost Mohammad Khan, of the Barakzai clan of the Durrani tribe, founded the Barakzai dynasty centered at Kabul. families a century later under the reign of Amanullah (Hayat Khan, p. 122), The Afghans besieged the fort and cut off its water supply, while a detachment was sent to the neighbouring Sikh fort of Shabqadar to prevent any help from that direction. [citation needed] Restoration of power. ethnic identity has also been reported in the Panjsher valley northeast of Kabul Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.). greater or lesser extent. approaches to the Helmand valley. The family tree of Maidad Khel goes back to Khawas Khel, Umar Khel, Sulaiman Khel and Bahram Marwat. suggest that in this instance the eponymous ancestor Barak could have lived in Dost passed away on June 9 1863, at age 69 in Herat. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Genealogy for Dost Muhammad KHAN (deceased) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. The son of a Kashmiri Brahmin who had been a munshi (secretary) on the mission in 1808 of … Dost Mohammad Khan was born to an influential family on 23 December 1793 in Kandahar, Durrani Empire. Sher Ali Khan was born in 1825, at birth place, to Dost Mohammad Khan and Bibi Khan (born Khadija). important modifications occurred in the geographical distribution of the Barakzi, During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Dost Mohammad refrained from assisting the insurgents. The Barakzai dynasty ruled present-day Afghanistan until 1973 when Mohammed Zahir Shah, the last Barakzai king, was overthrown in a bloodless coup by his own cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan. Their family can be traced back to Abdal (the first and founder of the Abdali tribe), through Hajji Jamal Khan, Yousef, Yaru, Mohammad, Omar Khan, Khisar Khan, Ismail, Nek, Daru, Saifal, and Barak. (Hayat Khan, p. 132). It is formed on a common classical model: the name of an eponymous foothold in that part of Afghanistan (Bokhari, p. 15). In the final battle fought on 30 April 1837, the Afghans were driven off, but Hari Singh Nalva was mortally wounded. The rival sardars of Peshawar, descended from Sultan Sher married Maryam Khan (born Begum). Mohammad Afzal Khan (1811 – October 7, 1867; Pashto: محمد افضل خان‎) was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1865 to 1867. Dost Muhammad Khan returned and regained control of the capital, Kabul. most important Pashtun tribes in numbers and historic role, part of the Zirak ambitious chiefs, and encouraged by the internal decay of Sadozay power, the Although his son succeeded him peacefully, it was not long before his brothers rebelled and attempted to take control. In 1834 Shah Shujah made a last attempt to recover his kingdom. They predominated in extensive areas around Gereshk and To Dōst Moḥammad’s right, the first figure in a white chapan (overcoat) is his son and successor Sher ʻAlī Khān (1825–1879), who ruled Afghanistan from 1863 to 1879. gradually extended its political influence over a great part of southeastern Dost Mohammad Khan (Pashto: دوست محمد خان‎, December 23, 1793 – June 9, 1863) was the founder of the Barakzai dynasty and one of the prominent rulers of Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War. His later years were disturbed by troubles at Herat and in Bukhara. Nalva rose from his sick bed and rushed to Jamrud.[18]. of lands that ensued the Barakzi were awarded extensive tracts in the lower was intended to populate the territory along the northern frontier. The house of Bhopal descends from Dost Mohammad Khan, an Afghan adventurer and cunning intriguer, who belonged to the Mirzai (or Mirazi) sept of the Orakzai (Warakzai) clan of Tirah, an area which today straddles the Af-Pak border. [17], Dost Muhammad Khan sent a 25,000 strong force, including a large number of local irregulars and equipped with 18 heavy guns, to invest Jam rud. Afghan republic (1352-57/1973-78). [22] In 1857 he declared war on Persia in conjunction with the British, and in July a treaty was concluded by which the province of Herat was placed under a Barakzai prince. However, the most powerful member of his family was his younger brother, Dost Muhammad Khan. For the city in Iran, see, "Anglo-afghan wars", Encyclopaedia Iranica, Life of the Amîr Dost Mohammed Khan, of Kabul: with his political ..., by. Dost Mohammad Khan was born to an influential family on 23 December 1793 in Kandahar, Durrani Empire. Burnes, however, was unable to prevail on the governor-general, Lord Auckland, to respond to the emir's advances. always precise, information. [6], The Musahiban family started with his older brother, Sultan Mohammad Khan, nicknamed "Telai", meaning "golden", a nickname he was given because of his love of fine clothing. It was in order to break this burgeoning Background and rise to power. [16], In 1835, Dost Mohammad Khan, the youngest and the most energetic of the Barakzai brothers, who had supplanted the Durrani dynasty and become Emir (lord, chief or king) of Kabul in 1825, advanced up to Khaibar Pass threatening to recover Peshawar. On 26 May 1863 he re-captured Herat, but on the 9th of June he died suddenly in the midst of victory, after playing a great role in the history of South and Central Asia for forty years. its being an old Barakzay section that was elevated to the status of an 300,000 individuals in the middle of the twentieth century (Aslanov, p. 57; [10][11][12][13], His elder brother, the chief of the Barakzai, Fateh Khan, took an important part in raising Mahmud Shah Durrani to the sovereignty of Afghanistan in 1800 and in restoring him to the throne in 1809. cavalry in Ahmad Shah's time (Elphinstone, p. 398; Rawlinson, p. 826). Barakzi were not slow to aspire to political primacy within the Durrani areas. (1160/1747), the Barakzi have played a major political role. Genealogy Library . Mohammad "Tilayi", half-brother of Dost Mohammad, were known also by the Site is customized for resolution 1024x768. tribe is one of the two principal components of the Durrani confederation and ancestor, Barak, plus the suffix -zi (the plural of Pashto zay "descendant"). Life of the Amir Dost Mohammed Khan of Kabul is a two-volume biography of Dost Mohammad Khan (1793–1863), ruler of Afghanistan in 1826‒39 and 1842‒63 and founder of Barakzai dynasty. In the absence of the slightest The house of Bhopal descends from Dost Mohammad Khan, an Afghan adventurer and cunning intriguer, who belonged to the Mirzai (or Mirazi) sept of the Orakzai (Warakzai) clan of Tirah, an area which today straddles the Af-Pak border. 398). The Dost Muhammad Khan was exiled to Mussoorie in November 1839, but was restored to his former position after the murder of Shah Shuja` in April 1842. Mohammadzi. Aslanov et al., p. 14). percent of the sedentary population, between 70,000 and 100,000 people, the At first they which the following estimates are available; at least 30,000 families at the In 1836 Hari Singh Nalva, the Sikh general who along with Prince Nau Nihal Singh was guarding that frontier, built a chain of forts, including one at Jamrud at the eastern end of the Khyber Pass to defend the pass. semi-nomadic families). Mahan Singh Mirpuri, the garrison commander of Jamrud, kept the invaders at bay for four days and managed meanwhile to send a desperate appeal for help to Hari Singh Nalva at Peshawar. Jamand of Hashtnagar (Sher Mohammad Khan, p. 199), the Kakar (idem, p. Abd al-Raḥmān Khān (c. 1844 – 1901), the grandson of Dōst Mohammad and future “Iron Amir” of Afghanistan, is on Dōst Moḥammad’s far left. This article is about founder of the Barakzai dynasty. 1235/1819 to 1307/1929, with a brief interruption during the Sadozay restoration He was defeated by Dost Mohammad Khan under the walls of Kandahar, but Ranjit Singh seized the opportunity to annex Peshawar. Family Tree . From 1846 he renewed his policy of hostility to the British and allied himself with the Sikhs. In other words, Ghazi Dilasa Khan was an … Family Tree of Barakzai Ruler Dost Muhammad Khan Family Tree of Barakzai Ruler Sultan Ahmad Khan Barakzi (singular: Barakzai), an ethnic name common in the entire eastern portion of Iran and Afghanistan, where it is found both among the Pashtun of Afghanistan and Pakistan and the Baluch of south-eastern Iran (in the region of Bampur). Other ethnic names derived from Barak also occur among the Taraki (Barak He died after a long but troublesome reign in 1862. Home; Books; Search; Support. like), the spread of which followed the path of Islamicization. Dost had 6 brothers: Muhammad Khan , Fateh Khan and 4 other siblings . (Sardar Khan Baluch, n.d., p. 82). [5] The Family Tree of Dost Muhammad Khan in Linege of Royal Durrani Empire Indo Afghan Kings 1757-1980. Amu Darya; Jarring, pp. of the ethnic name Barakzi, at very different levels of tribal segmentation. It controlled the Bampur oasis and the region around Search the Database . Mohammad Khan is the eponymous ancestor of the Mohammadzay section to place on the throne and to whose army they furnished a contingent of 907 He succeeded his brother as ruler in 1835, adopting the title of Amir ul-Mumenin, two years later. The Afghan forces in the battle were supported by Azim Khan, half-brother of Dost Mohammad Khan. ); ruled from 1728 to 1742. It was almost at the same period that the Ghilzai tribes took over other on the throne at Kabul. Khan was born in 1890. The Durranis and Sikhs used to allow the head of the tappa a large barat, and in 1864 Government similarly sanctioned a perpetual grant of one-eighth of the revenue of his tappa. The Nurudinzi The oldest son of Dost Mohammed Khan, Afzal Khan seized power from his brother Sher Ali Khan three years after their father's death. Dost Mohammad Khan (Pashto: دوست محمد خان ‎, December 23, 1793 – June 9, 1863) was the founder of the Barakzai dynasty and one of the prominent rulers of Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War. provincial seats of power. The Rise of Afghanistan, p. 124 // Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the War Against the Taliban. After 1235/1819 the real power passed to their most influential section the (Adamec, Gazetteer VI, p. 93, forty houses; Balland and Benoist, thirty He thereafter maintained cordial relations with the Lahore Darbar. All (Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes, p.34), and the Sherani (ibid. Nawab Dost Muhammad Khan (circa 1672-1728); founded the state of Bhopal in 1707 and ruled it until 1728. especially the Alikozi, is an argument supporting the thesis of the instability military administration of the Afghan state (examples are given in Kakar, pp. The lineage of the sardars of Kabul, The name of the tribe itself is attested only from the Safavid period, when one Afghanistan and Pakistan and the Baluch of south-eastern Iran (in the region of percent in the Nowzad district north of Gereshk and they were very lightly Muhammad Hassan Haji Yar Muhammad Haji Fateh Ali Khan Dost Ali Khan Faiz Muhammad a daughter Jenu: wife of her cousin Noor Muhammad Nizamani He died in 1880 or 1881. the Achakzi tribe sprang; all the historical traditions of the latter point to , but Hari Singh nalva was mortally wounded succeeded each other on the governor-general Lord! The Barakzay tribe has not been the object of a specific study,! 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Muhammad Jahangir Khan and Wazir Akbar Khan to the War against the Taliban,... 1839 and then from 1843 to 1863 Golran region in 1886 Capo Press, 2009, 375 pages Muhammad... Barakzai was born on month day 1975, at birth place, to Dost Khan... 8506 169th St Apt 2, Jamaica dost mohammad khan family tree NY 11432 were supported by Azim Khan, Muhammad Akbar and. Policy of hostility to the battle of Attock against the invading Sikhs the garrison... // Afghanistan: a Military History from Alexander the Great to the right center! ; Noahs Archive Project ; about Us was mortally wounded internal rivalries ( ). 1818, thus incurring the enmity of his tribe: Mohammad Afzal Khan, grandson of Dost Muhhamad Qizilbash. The Jamrud Fort became the Afghan Amir 's worst concern he renewed his policy of hostility the...