[5] Again, desire can run counter to choice, but not desire to desire. actions are those done out of ignorance or compulsion. Ask and answer questions about the novel or view Study Guides, Literature Essays and more. 9. I wonder if he draws out intellectual virtues more specifically like he did for moral ones with the chart he draws. [B6-Ch. STUDY QUESTIONS 3 Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book 2 Questions (Question numbers correspond to book chapters.) Are there any that, from a more modern viewpoint, you'd add or remove? He lies between the coward, who flees every danger and experiences excessive fear, and the rash person, who judges every danger worth facing and experiences little or no fear. Part 14. Answer the question: Is it more important for society to be lawful or to be fair? Questions and Discussion of Book 1, part 1, of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. SparkNotes is brought to you by Barnes & Noble. 1.: Must be studied because (a) reason prescribes the mean, (b) they are a part of human excellence. The questions are connected; for if the former alternative is possible and the distributor acts unjustly and not the man who has the excessive share, then if a man assigns more to another than to himself, knowingly and voluntarily, he treats himself unjustly; which is what modest people seem to do, since the virtuous man tends to take less than his share. 1 After these matters we ought perhaps next to discuss pleasure. Part 13. clear that finding the virtuous path is a matter of steering a middle Note the practical advice in Book 2, chap. Any ideas? This free study guide is stuffed with the juicy details and important facts you need to … This seems like a helpful way of viewing virtue. [Nicomachean ethics. What are two fundamental assumptions of Aristotle's approach to ethics that are typical of most ancient Greek philosophers? Question 2 Political Theory: Lawful or Fair? Nicomachean Ethics: Book 2 Summary & Analysis Next. Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, part of the Internet Classics Archive ... and so they stimulate those who understand them to live according to them.-Enough of such questions; let us proceed to review the opinions that have been expressed about pleasure. The Bekker edition is a standard Greek edition of Aristotle's works. The I love the thought that doing actions that are (let's say) just (as an example) doesn't make someone just. I'm still trying to wrap my head around this passage (and the long explanation leading up to it). What is indubitable, however, is that Aristotle is a very different writer than Plato. Chapter 2. Questions for Reflection - Nicomachean Ethics book 10 Discussion Forum - Nicomachean Ethics book 10 Quiz - test Your understanding of Nicomachean Ethics book 10 Wrapping Up The Nicomachean Ethics Finishing Up With The Nicomachean Ethics AMA Discussion Forum - Final Comments or Questions Interesting Books Useful for Studying Aristotle Connecting with, Supporting the Work of, or Booking … The carpenter applies his technical knowledge of geometric figures to craft something particular. Book 8, Chapter 2 The kinds of friendship may perhaps be cleared up if we first come to know the object of love. Chapter 3: Pleasure and pain as the test of virtue. to think of happiness as an emotional state, whereas the Greeks What does he think is required to achieve this aim? Book X: Pleasure. The Nature and Pursuit of Happiness. tl;dr Example: courage (mean) lies between coward (deficient) and reckless (excess). In this respect, Aristotle says, the virtues are no different from technical skills: every skilled worker knows how to avoid excess and deficiency, and is in a condition intermediate between two extremes. Does Aristotle talk about the former or the latter? Aristotle, I think, is perfectly happy to use these facts to make his case. The acknowledgement that we're in a wacky world and not all from the same cloth is refreshingly realistic. Book Six→ — Contents. 1 1. Watch your words they become your actions. It is important to learn how to find a passage by use of Bekker page, column, and line indicators. Book I, Chap. Look at Stetson handout.) Discuss how Aristotle uses syllogism to draw conclusions. English] Nicomachean ethics / Aristotle: translated and edited by Roger Crisp. I feel like the first one is very harsh towards someone who abstains from pleasure, but the second one, in the following paragraph of the chapter, is using him as an example of virtue. A dropout rate is to be expected, but a slower pace could lessen it. From Wikisource < Nicomachean Ethics (Chase) Jump to navigation Jump to search ←Book Four. They can't be capacities because they are natural and we can't be naturally "virtuous" or good. I have set in bold the example which you might find most helpful. a much more public matter than our concept of happiness. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Nicomachean Ethics, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. 4-12: Discussion of Happiness and the good as the ends of human life. As someone who is trying to live a more disciplined life I like how he points out that learning virtue is a matter of habit and proper training. Pleasure is greater when a hardship is overcome. Does thinking about the aim of human life provide a good starting point for ethical discussion? Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics Trans. How can he possibly make the mean into an extreme? Notes. István Bejczy (ed.) Web Links. In other words: To become a just person, one must perform just actions. Like murder and adultery? to Aristotle, since the will generally finds no significant application (1103a15) 2. Nicomachean Ethics Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Nicomachean Ethics Book VII deepens the discussion of pleasure and self-mastery. Why does Aristotle include a discussion about regimes in the middle of a section on friendship? Part 2: Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics It is within Book II of The Nicomachean Ethics that Aristotle lays out his plan of action for us… “Our present inquiry does not aim, as our others do, at study; for the purpose of our examination is not to know what virtue is, but to become good, since otherwise the inquiry would be of no benefit to us.” -Aristotle (Nicomachean Ethics Book II) Murdering, if it happens in a passionate rage, may come from the vice of anger. Why can there not be an excess or deficiency of every type of mean? some gray areas as to what counts as excusable ignorance and what 3. I'm determined to truly engage with this text, rather than merely passively take it in like I've done with my previous reading. Doctrine of the Mean? 17 And desire has regard to an object as pleasant or painful, choice has not. Stealing may occur from the vice of greed or cowardice or both. Every human activity aims at some end that we consider good. Millions of books are just a click away on BN.com and through our FREE NOOK reading apps. Use the Nicomachean Ethics and your own reasoning to make your argument. He also says that it varies from person to person which makes this even more applicable to every person reading. For not everything seems to be loved but only the lovable, and this is good, pleasant, or useful; but it would seem to be that by which some good or pleasure is produced that is useful, so that it is the good and the useful that are lovable as ends. BACK; NEXT ; Bring on the tough stuff - there’s not just one right answer. Hopefully, the tail end of that explanation also answers your question. counts as forgivable compulsion, but we are told effectively that [5] Again, desire can run counter to choice, but not desire to desire. What I don't get is why he says that it's wrong to indulge in pleasures when he said in chapter 3 later on that the reason the mean is good is because it provides the most pleasure. Those highest ends, which we pursue for their own sake, must be the supreme Good. Yeah, this actually seems like it could be usable. Since things that are found in the soul are of three kinds- passions, faculties, states of character, virtue must be one of these. I'm determined to truly engage with this text, rather than merely passively take it in like I've done with my previous reading. in his philosophy. A Christian virtue cannot be “taken too far” and become a vice, There Aristotle makes a similar distinction. based on polar oppositions and are classed in pairs. But earlier in book 1 he said that pleasure was something a pig indulges in, not humans. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. /u/unamea asked over here in the book 1 discussion about authenticity as a virtue. EDIT: Maybe users who post in more than half of the discussion threads can a get nice flair for their participation. Yes, he was able to foresee that the mean would differ from person to person. Thoughts on the list? 1 1. Study Questions on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Book II 1. Book III, Chap. Find out what happens in our Book 2, Chapter 8 (1108b11-1109a19) summary for The Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle. How do virtues relate to pleasure, on his view? His audience is, after all, a fairly narrow subset of people brought up in the right way. Discussion Questions. Brief discussion of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics continued; on happiness as the highest good; problems in understanding happiness. In what ways Nicomachean Ethics Book I Instructor: Dr. Jan Garrett Last revised date: August 1, 2007. I definitely felt like I got more out of Book II than I. Virtue being, as we have seen, of two kinds, intellectual and moral, intellectual virtue is for the most part both produced and increased by instruction, and therefore requires experience and time; whereas moral or ethical virtue is the product of habit (ethos), and has indeed derived its name, with a slight variation of form, from that word. If this line represents anger, and good temper is the mean, it is contained in the middle, at an equal distance from both deficiency and excess. we are responsible for all our actions that are not performed in According to Aristotle, how does one acquire intellectual virtue? We tend When applying this principle to virtue as he does in the above quote... my understanding falls apart. I think it might fit under honesty, but being authentic I could certainly see as virtuous. With regards to justice and injustice we must (1) … He concludes that virtues, because they deal with actions has to "be" one of these 3. [2] the excess, the mean, the deficiency). I apologize in advance for my laziness, but I also believe SEP offers a fantastic summary of this doctrine. by J. L. Ackrill and J. O. Urmson Instructor: Dr. Jan Garrett. is a mean state between the vicious extremes of excess and deficiency. Why not something else? Aristotle holds that this same topography applies to every ethical virtue: all are located on a map that places the virtues between states of excess and deficiency. can be taken just a little too far and become the vice of rashness. 1-5: Moral purpose and moral responsibility. Thoughts? He will deal with them specifically in Books 3-5. Book X gives a concluding discussion of pleasure, sets forth the supreme satisfactions of the life of theoretical activity, and finally makes a transition to the Politics, the companion text to be read along with the Nicomachean Ethics. Contact Your Sales Rep. Higher Education Comment Card. Start studying Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Book I & 2. 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