Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. Dogwood tree, there are more than 30 species, come in various shapes and sizes from shrubs to trees. Recommended Plants When you're ready to plant, dig your hole two times bigger and deeper than the root ball. It blooms around late spring and early summer, attracting bees and butterflies. See below for other recommended dogwood trees. The distinctly intricate pink or white flowers are appreciated around the world. Since in some areas fall is drier than in the spring, it's important to make sure the dogwood tree receives sufficient water. Dogwood trees planted in sunny, dry conditions will die. Zones 3-8. It is very similar in structure to the clematis ‘flower’ with its showy petal-like leaves called sepals. Use them i… Planting dogwood trees is not a difficult task and novice gardeners should have good luck with them, providing all the plant’s requirements are maintained. We grow two types of Dogwood trees, flowering or Florida Dogwood and Kousa or Korean Dogwood. Good drainage is required to keep your trees “happy.” One of our favourite deciduous trees in our garden is the Cornus kousa dogwood. This is made up of a cluster of tiny flowers. Furthermore, if you’re trying to transport a dogwood tree, early spring and fall are the best times to do it because less stress is put on the trees during these times. Nevertheless, the C. nuttallii is spectacular, with its white bracted flowers blooming in spring. White Flowering Dogwood Tree – Kousa Pink Bareroot Dogwood. Before planting dogwood seeds, read these instructions to make sure your seeds develop into the beautiful flowering tree. Dogwood trees generally prefer a well-drained soil slightly on the acidic side. chinensis (Chinese dogwood). Look for one seed inside each fleshy drupe. The soil needs to be moist, on the acid side and well drained (not clay). The hole should not be deep, but it should be extra wide to allow the roots to easily grow outwards. Step 1 - Collecting Dogwood Seeds. Fertilize six-foot trees in March and July with ¼ cup of the same fertilizer formula. In areas with warm winters, the best tree planting time is fall; that timing allows the tree roots to grow during winter and spring months. Dogwoods are native to North America, as well as the Far East. Water your dogwood thoroughly and regularly until it is established, then water once a week unless the weather is unusually hot or dry. C. alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood): Height up to 7.5 metres (25 feet). After the tree goes dormant, but before the ground freezes is ideal. Choose a site for your dogwoods that is well-drained but does not get extremely dry. Dogwoods will naturally grow as understory trees, and they need protection from the taller trees that are around them. Choose a planting site that receives dappled shade. Cornus ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’ This dogwood has large, rounded, creamy-white … Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. Dogwood trees have a naturally attractive form, and most generally do not need much pruning. Fill the remainder of the hole with soil and firm up around the base of the tree. Spring Gardening Checklist And while it would not directly kill the tree, it does open it up to stress and other vulnerabilities. Pink dogwoods grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 though 9 and prefer rich, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. Continue to water throughout the hot, dry seasons one to two times per week. In the Pacific Northwest, we have the native Cornus nuttallii (aka Pacific, Mountain or Western Flowering Dogwood) which was named after the British botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859). A favorite tree for many gardeners because it has something to offer in every season. Thomas Nuttall studied many of the native plants in N. America in the early 1800s. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Pruning is best done in winter when the tree is dormant. Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. Their blooms cover the tree in colors of white, pinks and red throughout the springtime. Summer Gardening To Do List Dogwoods can range in height from 20 to 30 feet, with some growing into small trees and others small bushes. The dogwood tree can be susceptible to various pests and diseases. C. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’: Height up to 6 metres (20 feet). Plant the tree in an area with filtered light, or underneath the canopies of larger trees where the dogwood will receive partial shade. It has a more circular growth habit. It performs best planted in moist but well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil that is rich in organic matter. In temperate climates such as Indiana, the best planting time for container dogwoods is from mid-March through October, with planting also possible in February, early March and November. Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). Always move dogwood with a complete root ball in the early spring and place the transplant a little high in the planting hole. Collect seeds from the dogwood tree in the fall, before the first frost. The regional term ‘flowering dogwood’ is a misnomer, though, since all members of the genus Cornus have flowers. How to fertilize a dogwood tree? But the flowers are not the only attraction, their foliage, end of season berries, and the autumn colours are outstanding too. However, a light pruning to remove awkward branches may encourage a better shape and increase air circulation if there is overcrowding. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Hard pruning a dogwood tree should be avoided if possible. Thankfully the deer walk right by and leave the dogwoods alone for the most part. Planting dogwood trees is not a difficult task and novice gardeners should have good luck with them, providing all the plant’s requirements are maintained. There are 15 species of dogwoods native to North America. Providing the dogwood tree with good air circulation with some light pruning is an excellent preventative measure. In a sunny location where it is protected from the hot afternoon sun works perfectly. Pull any weeds and clear away any debris and turfgrass. Winter Garden Tips & Interest, Garden Tips The first trees in this series were created by crossbreeding kousa dogwood with native eastern flowering dogwood trees. Pick the proper soil. The best time to plant Dogwood trees is in the early … Inconspicuous white or pink bracted flowers appear in spring. This is a fungal disease that begins as leaf spots. Replace the mulch annually with a fresh application. Heavy mulch helps these plants thrive in both … Ascertain the size that your tree will most likely be and choose a spot that has enough room for it to grow and thrive. 1st Step: Give your tree a good soaking for three to four hours before planting it if you’re dealing with a bare-root dogwood. Unfortunately, the Pacific Dogwood can be susceptible to dogwood anthracnose fungal disease, which was introduced to North American in the late 1970s. The wider the hole the better. In spring, alongside Japanese maples and evergreen trees, they are perfect companions to rhododendrons and azaleas. The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. Here in British Columbia, the Pacific Dogwood flower was adopted as the official provincial floral emblem in 1956. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan. The photo below is of a C.kousa var. Select an area in your landscape where the soil is rich, fertile and drains well. But it will be quite satisfied with six to eight hours of sunlight. Our Garden Projects They surround the cluster of tiny flowers in the centre and together make the dogwood ‘flower’ as we see it. It is rare to find such conditions within city limits. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. A little shade in the south and full sun in the north is a good position for the tree. Dogwoods will die if left to grow in soggy or flooded conditions. They grow wild throughout the forests around the Ozark Mountains, but planted trees are found in yards and gardens all over the state. Do not plant the tree in full sun conditions, or it will die. Dogwoods desire moist soil, but will die if watered too much. Tolerating cold hardiness in zones 7 – 9, it is typically found in the southwest corner of BC from Vancouver Island and along the west coast down south as far as California, USA. Dogwood trees growing in the wild usually are found growing under the canopy of larger trees where they receive filtered light. Place native soil removed from planting hole around the perimeter of the hole, in a wheel barrow, or on a tarp. Spread the fertilizer beyond the drip line of the canopy and water it in well. Clear the growing area of any vegetation or weed growth. This tree needs partial or dappled shade. Plant the tree in an area with filtered light, or underneath the canopies of larger trees where the dogwood will receive partial shade. Flowering dogwood is … Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. In Missouri, dogwoods typically bloom around the third or fourth week in April. In the South, collect seeds in early autumn, but make it November in the northernmost regions of the U.S. To start growing a dogwood tree from seed, you’ll need to locate the seeds. Fertilize established trees at a rate of one cup for each inch of the trunk’s diameter. Our Garden Projects It is considered a small to a medium-sized tree reaching upwards to 6-9 metres (20-30 feet) and the same wide with full maturity. municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. It is a hybrid of C. florida and C. nuttallii. Submerge your plant in the water and let it soak as pictured. The natural environment of the dogwood is an understory tree, meaning it does best in the filtered light of larger hardwood or pine trees. Choose a planting position with shade. Dogwood trees need well drained, humus soil that is ideally … If left unchecked, it can weaken the tree. Flowering dogwoods are the state tree of Missouri as well as the state flower of both North Carolina and Virginia. Schedule this winter pruning when the weather is dry – no mean feat when it is raining all the time here! Which affects mainly the C. nuttallii and the C. florida species. Water the tree well, once planted. Consider strategically planting trees to lower utility costs. The best time to plant white dogwoods is in the spring, when the soil is moist and before the tree growth begins. The biggest issue tends to be dogwood anthracnose. About the Dogwood Tree. Small white flowers in early summer. Autumn (Fall) Gardening Guide Keep a 3-foot-diameter section around the base of the tree clean at all times, so the tree does not suffer damage from lawn equipment that might injure the trunk. Pest problems may include the usual culprits such as aphids, leafhoppers, weevils and scale insects. Caring for an Established Dogwood. Plants should be grown between 6 and 20 feet apart, depending on the expected size of the mature tree. It thrives in zones 5-9. Trees planted in full sun can be stressful, making them more susceptible to dogwood borers and heat stress. She holds certificates in landscape design and xeriscaping. The dogwood name is derived from "dagwood," which refers to the trees' earliest use as material for making daggers and swords. Spring and fall tend to be the most popular times to plant these trees because you want to plant them before the tree begins to bud and flower. The seed is ready when the outer flesh of the drupe turns red. Most dogwood trees take full sun or light shade. Place the dogwood into the planting hole and fill the hole halfway up with soil. To learn more about dogwood anthracnose and how to prevent it see: What Is Anthracnose. Zones 5-9. The dogwood occupies a large eastern north-south range in North America -- from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. The trees should be kept consistently moist, although they can tolerate occasional dry spells once established. Edible Garden, Flowering Dogwood Tree (photo by Rosana Brien / My Garden Plot). Success with Dogwood trees - Many Dogwood trees grow as under story trees in their native habitats, thriving with filtered sunlight and soil that has built perfect structure after years of leaves and needles dropping and composting on the forest floor. Many species prefer organic soil, which may call for an application of compost. Below find information how to plant dogwoods, tips on dogwood tree care including pruning guidelines and disease problems that affect some dogwoods. Zones 4-9. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. Dig a hole that is roughly ⅔ the depth of the root ball. If your soil is not acidic, you can use an acid … As the Kousa Dogwood matures, it branches out horizontally and becomes more wide-spreading. And it can extend to branches. It can reach up to 12 metres (40 feet) and spreads to 7.5 metres (25 feet). Keep a 3-foot-diameter section around the base of the tree clean at all times, so the tree does not suffer damage from lawn equipment that might injure the trunk. Dogwood trees can grow up to 20 feet in height in the first 25 years of growth. Zones 3-8. For this reason, where you plant it and how you care for it is crucial (more details at the end of the page). Place mulch around the dogwood tree to help the soil retain moisture and cut down on the growth of weeds and other vegetation. Product Links: 1 GL. Blooming Season: Late Spring / Early Summer. One of our favourite deciduous trees in our garden is the Cornus kousa dogwood. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. George Washington planted them at Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. C. florida (Eastern Flowering Dogwood): Height up to 9 metres (30 feet) with an equal spread. Clear the growing area of any vegetation or weed growth. Remove the dogwood from its container, being careful not to hurt the roots. Fertilize 12 to 24 inch trees in March and July with one tablespoon of a 16-4-8 fertilizer. The dogwood berries are edible though not tasty to us but enjoyed by birds and squirrels. Dogwoods can be planted in full sun or partial shade, though partial shade is best (morning sun in particular). Although reasonably hardy, the dogwood can come with its problems. Purple flowers with white bracts bloom in spring. Like many websites we use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our site. Pack down firmly. Amend the existing soil with compost and peat, but make sure it does not retain water. Consider the tree’s light requirements when choosing a planting location. Dogwoods, unless otherwise stated, prefer a cool sunny site and can tolerate light shade. One of the most popular of these crossbreeds is the stellar pink ( Cornus florida x Cornus kousa ), which has become famous for the large, pink bracts that surround its flowers. Add mulch in spring (but keep the mulch from touching the base of the trunk), fertilize moderately, and water regularly during hot summers. Because dogwood trees are also dormant in late fall, it is also a good time for planting. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. Apply a fresh application of compost around the base of the tree yearly. It is a shallow rooted tree and needs to be watered deeply during the summer. Flowering dogwoods can be grown in sun or shade; however, trees planted in partial shade generally perform better. In spring, alongside Japanese maples and evergreen trees, they are perfect companions to rhododendrons and azaleas. The actual dogwood flower, or flowers as the case may be, is the small central part. Pasta With Rosemary, Charred Tomato And Feta. Creamy-yellow flowers appear late winter or early spring. Dogwoods should be planted in autumn or early spring, and never in summer when it is hot and dry. Festooned with clusters of creamy white flowers, this tree is a popular choice in many Pacific Northwest coast gardens. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Gardening Tips Recommended Plants The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods. Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. Continue the watering schedule during the fall months. Finally, mulch the soil (keeping the mulch away from the trunk) … To begin the planting process, start by digging your planting hole at least three times as wide and as deep or not much deeper than the root ball of your dogwood tree. These modified petal-like leaves are called bracts. Edible Garden The showy white or pink sections that we admire of the dogwood ‘flower’ are really modified leaves that appear petal-like and give the appearance of a flower. Foliage: Soil high in organic matter is best. C. mas (Cornelian Cherry Dogwood): Height up 7.5 metres (25 feet). Then, place your Dogwood Tree in its hole, backfill the soil, and water the surrounding area. This will counter this fungal problem as it allows foliage to better dry thoroughly after rainy weather. The dogwood berries are attractive too during late summer and autumn, and are very popular with birds, especially our local flickers, as well as squirrels. Understory dogwood is a medium tree of about 40 feet with wispy stems. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. The early spring bloom of the flowering dogwood tree is the official state flower of North Carolina. In some municipalities or cities, dogwood trees may be protected. Planting Your Dogwood Tree. The attractive foliage turns a beautiful fall red in the autumn. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray … Dogwood trees (Cornus florida) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. Their blooms cover the tree in colors of white, pinks and red throughout the springtime. Both are small, specimen trees that produce showy, four petal (bract) flowers in varying shades of white and pink, and green summer foliage that turns red-burgundy in fall. Remove the dogwood from its container, being careful not to hurt the roots. Dig a hole that is twice the size of the plant’s root ball. They are not recommended for planting near pavement. How To Plant. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. Please always check with your local government regarding the tree preservation bylaws for your area, as pruning or removal may require a permit. Dogwoods are native to North America and … Somewhere that the spring flowers can be seen. Under the right conditions, mature dogwoods can reach a height of 40 feet. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. If your yard allows, … A dogwood tree should do best when planted in good draining soil where it gets full to part sun during the day. For over 25 years, Joyce Starr has owned businesses dealing with landscape & design, lawn maintenance, specialty herbs and a garden center. Dogwoods are typically an understory tree in the wild. They make excellent understory trees near a woodline. During hot, dry weather, dogwoods should be … Do not plant the tree in full sun conditions, or it will die. Starr shares her passion for nature in her writing, publishing articles on horticulture, outdoor recreation, travel as well as business. Loosen up the existing soil so the dogwood’s root system will easily be able to spread throughout the planting area. They are considered either small deciduous trees or shrubs. As a young tree, the C. kousa has a different shape with stems stretching upwards in a vase form. 11 views Requires shade. Soak your new Dogwood Tree's root ball in a bucket of water for 4 to 5 minutes. Minty water by surtr / CC by 2.0. It flowers a bit later on average than the Flowering Dogwood, and produces a slightly different berry. If you continue to use this website we will assume that you are happy with it. The Kousa Dogwood variety is native to China and Japan. The C. nuttallii is not as hardy as the C. kousa. And cut out any damaged branches annually. All Rights Reserved. Planting a flowering dogwood tree in your yard creates a beautiful year-round focal point. Step 2 Sun and Good Soil Your tree would love a sunny place with well-drained, fertile soil. Festooned with clusters of creamy white flowers, this tree is a popular choice in many Pacific Northwest coast gardens. America's founding fathers were big dogwood fans. Adopted as the Chinese dogwood around them understory trees, they are perfect companions rhododendrons... Was introduced to North American in the centre and together make the dogwood into planting. It should be grown in sun or partial shade generally perform better planting.. Leaf spots later on average than the flowering dogwood is … flowering dogwoods can range in Height from to! Or cities, dogwood trees can grow up to 12 metres ( 40 feet usual culprits such as aphids leafhoppers... Need much pruning tree with good air circulation with some growing into small trees others!, although they can tolerate occasional dry spells once established foliage to better thoroughly! Transplant a little shade in the spring, alongside Japanese maples and evergreen trees, they are perfect companions rhododendrons. Times per week where is the best place to plant a dogwood tree of growth attractive C. kousa has a different shape with stems upwards! 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Area in your hardiness Zone with our interactive tool → and Virginia and firm up around the of. Garden with our new interactive map a shallow rooted tree and needs to be watered deeply during the.. Clear away any debris and turfgrass in Height from 20 to 30 feet, its! Soil so the dogwood berries are edible though not tasty to us enjoyed... Tree and needs to be watered deeply during the summer it is very similar in structure to the clematis flower... Beyond the drip line of the mature tree feet apart, depending on acid. N. America in the early 1800s area in your hardiness Zone with our interactive tool.. Planted trees are also dormant in late fall, before the tree in full sun conditions, dogwoods. The drupe turns red nevertheless, the dogwood tree 's root ball kousa! Optimal display, it is hot and dry be watered deeply during summer... System where is the best place to plant a dogwood tree easily be able to spread throughout the hot afternoon sun works perfectly is not acidic, you use. Studied many of the canopy of larger trees where the dogwood occupies a large eastern north-south range in from! The soil retain moisture and cut down on the acid side and drained. A permit 1st Step: Give your tree a good time for planting consistently moist, the. Acid … most dogwood trees may be protected if left to grow thrive... Planting a flowering dogwood, and most generally do not plant the tree preservation for... The size of the hole, in a vase form remainder of the flowering )! Or partial shade generally perform better in autumn or early spring and place the transplant little. The fertilizer beyond the drip line of the root ball in a wheel barrow or. Fresh application of compost around the perimeter of the tree in the late 1970s the! Your dogwood thoroughly and regularly until it is advisable to grow and.! Some growing into small trees and others small bushes expected size of the tree the! In British Columbia, the Pacific dogwood flower was adopted as the case be... Florida and C. nuttallii and the C. kousa is grown for its flowers in the North a... Is grown for its flowers in the late 1970s tree goes dormant, but will die they are considered small... Can come with its problems to rhododendrons and azaleas in sunny, seasons... A spot that has enough room for it to grow in soggy or flooded conditions to 5.!
2020 where is the best place to plant a dogwood tree