A bake shop and 16 refrigeration boxes for fresh provisions augmented the facilities normally provided for the crew. Standardization came in October 1942, although production was well underway already. But for larger hardware, converted cargos became the norm, including those mass-built to replace the losses in the Atlantic (Liberty ships among others). Some LST (3)s were converted to LST (A) (A for "assault") by adding stiffening so they could safely carry the heaviest British tanks. They can also carry four Ka-29 transport-combat helicopters, air defense missiles and volley-fire rocket systems to support landing … USS Maricopa County (LST-938), had been transferred to the Republic of Vietnam Navy, and after the Fall of Saigon was captured by North Vietnamese forces. [9] An anchor and mechanical winch system also aided in the ship's ability to pull itself off the beach. The Landing Ship Dock, came as a result of a British requirement for a vessel that could carry large landing craft across the seas at speed. Their first tour of duty was in the Aegean coast of the Gallipoli peninsula. They had a covered bridge and could carry light vehicles and about 200 men, but not tanks in the basic version. However as it could not have shallow draught each of the three ships (March 1941) were given a very long ramp, stowed behind the bow doors. Le « Landing Ship Tank » (LST sur la liste des codes des immatriculations des navires de l'United States Navy ou Bâtiment de débarquement de chars dans la marine nationale française) est un type de navire pour les opérations amphibies créé durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale pour débarquer des véhicules lourds sur des lieux non préparés tels des plages The original three LSTs were joined in 1948 by another vessel, LST 3041, renamed Empire Doric, after the ASN were able to convince commercial operators to support the new route between Preston and the Northern Ireland port of Larne. One of these buildings has been preserved at Ft. Knox for historic reasons and can still be seen. The LST had a highly specialized design that enabled ocean crossings as well as shore groundings. The interior of the building was constructed to duplicate all the features found within an actual LST. In addition there were the three initial massive ships, 116 m long, 4800 tonnes Maracaibo class. Suitable for Ages 10 & Older. But they probably required wooden ramps to allow the horse to disembark, or from side doors on wharves. Provision was also made for carrying Landing Craft Tank (LCT) and Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM), and NL pontoon causeways. -Ammunition Supply Ships: Some were given extra cranes and handling gear, used only for ammunition supply for capital ships. Preliminary orders were rushed out verbally or by telegrams, telephone, and air mail letters. These delivered two and a half times the power of the diesels. Here are files for a 1/300 LST, this large landing craft was used for landing tanks, softtops, halftracks and troops enmasse. In order that it could carry 13 Churchill infantry tanks, 27 other vehicles and nearly 200 men (in addition to the crew) at a speed of 18 knots, it could not have a shallow draught sufficient for easy unloading. Also the British evacuation from Dunkirk in 1940 was another motivation to study such designs. SLNS Shathi (L880) Spanish Navy. The tank deck, which was above the waterline, was made parallel to the keel, there was to be no round down to the upper deck, and the ship was enlarged to accommodate the more bulky machinery. A dock landing ship (also called Landing Ship, Dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles.1 Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a Landing Ship, Tank [LST]). The stowage was filled from fore to aft as each craft was jacked down onto fixed cradles between the rails. The first purpose-built LST design was HMS Boxer. Two LST (3)s were converted to command vessels, LST (C): LST 3043 and LST 3044. In Russian they are Large Landing Ships, in the U.S. Navy Hull Designation they are LST (Landing Ship, Tank). As with the standing agreement, these ships would be built by the US so British shipyards could concentrate on building vessels for the Royal Navy. . Damen Landing Ship range is a state-of-art flexible Class designed to fulfil all traditional Landing Ship mission requirements, as well as the support and secondary mission tasks required by modern naval platforms of this size. [4] They later proved their worth during the invasion of Algeria in 1942, but their bluff bows made for inadequate speed and pointed out the need for an all-new design incorporating a sleeker hull. Coordination between the Bureau of Ships and shipbuilders was performed on the flow by the Material Coordinating Agency, allowing flexibility and revisions during the initial production phases. HMS FDT 13 was used for coverage of the overall main shipping channel. pontoon causeways were finally accepted as standard; the pontoon causeways were formed of pontoons 7 ft (2.1 m) × 5 ft × 5 ft (1.5 m), made up into strings and rafts. In April 1942 a mock-up well-deck was built and tested for three monthes in real conditions with tanks supplied by Fort Knox (at this location). This leisurely pace of work was followed for the first few voyages, the beach being employed possibly due to normal port facilities being unavailable due to wartime damage. 1st Battle of Heligoland (28 August 1914), Chao Yung (Chaoyong) class protected cruisers (1880), Interview with Silverstream CEO: Increasing ship efficiency a matter of business survival, HII secures $2.9B deal for USS John C. Stennis RCOH, 96-year-old WWI Navy veteran released from Harrison Memorial Hospital after battling COVID-19, US military asserts Indo-Pacific presence with simultaneous high-end operations, Una billetera perdida en la Antártida regresa a su dueño 53 años después (con recuerdos incluidos), NATO Anti-Sub Exercise Dynamic Manta 2021 Will Include French Carrier Strike Group, U.S. It should be noted that the Japanese also devised their own LST for their operations, the T101 class delivered from 1943 to 1945. Under the second phase (LST-II), Cheonwangbong (686), the first LST in Cheonwangbong-class, was built by Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction (HHIC). The modern Japanese Maritime Self-Defence Force (JMSDF) is a far cry from its warrior-minded IJN days but remains a high-advanced and capable fighting force - both on the water and under it. USS LST-510 participated in the Invasion of Normandy and has operated as a ferry (renamed MV Cape Henlopen) in New England for almost 30 years. The pair serve in the Amphibious Assault Support role, being designed exclusively to assist in the transport and delivery of men, machines, and supplies from ship-to-shore. USS Newport (LST-1179) Compare this tank landing model to similar ones made by other makers to see the reason model enthusiasts and collectors have recognized us a leader in model warships. A total of 1,152 LSTs were contracted for in the great naval building program of World War II, but 101 were cancelled in the fall of 1942 because of shifting construction priorities. Plastic Model Military Ship Kit. The first orders were placed in December 1943 with British builders, and 35 with Canadian builders. LCVP Landing Craft w/Soldiers The final design was given a ramp, was named LCVP, and mass production started right away. Of course one month later, the USA went at war, and this altered and accelerated the process that followed. They have been planned by the Navy Technical Department (Kampon) after studying intelligence reports on the LCTs during operation Torch. With their drop down frontal ramp they landed the entire IX Corps (Commander Edward Unwin) at Suvla Bay, 6 August 1915, removing the Turkish Garrison. Without these, and because of devastated, fortified or absent harbours, tanks would have to wait long after the troops have landed before any infrastructure was ready for them. Improvized aircraft carriers: The USS LST-906 launched a L-4 Grasshopper from a prepared flight deck. We carry major brands such as Trumpeter, Tamiya, Dragon, Revell, Academy, Flyhawk, and more. One (with the best-looking state) was chosen, anchored in Suda bay in Crete. Landing Ship Tank 3D models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR options. Those troops then would have been deprived of a very essential tool in modern warfare, impending heavy losses or to be pushed back to the sea. These were L3012, which became L3101 (and later HMS Ben Nevis) and LST 3013, which became LST 3102, and then HMS Ben Lomond. These ships are not numerous. Defence in Depth. Testing was completed in three months. Some has been specialized as FLAK-ships, support ships and gunboats, referred to by the allies as the “Flak Lighter” or “F-lighter”. Production simplifications were ongoing constantly to provide faster paces in welding and assembling, so much so, that from the initial four monthes in 1943 the production was reduced down to two monthes. In fact, it can haul up to 15 of the Abrams at a time. Those troops then would have been deprived of a ver… Unfortunately despite their merits (Winston Churchill would claim later that these workhorses “won the war” for the allies), the LST were not so quite vulnerable despite been quickly nicknamed both the sailors and soldiers “Large Slow Target” or “Large Stationary Target” from their acronym. $27.50 $21.69. Landing Ship, Tank ( LST) is the military designation for naval vessels created during World War II to support amphibious operations by carrying significant quantities of vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto an unimproved shore. ANADOLU Shipyard was awarded a contract to construct two LSTs for the Turkish Navy by Turkish SSM (Turkish Armament Authority) in June 2011. A stern gate to the tank deck permits unloading of LVTs into the water or the unloading of other vehicles into a landing craft utility (LCU), onto a pier, or directly into the water. It was capable to deliver 13 Churchill heavy infantry tanks, 27 vehicles and nearly 200 men, all across the ocean at a speed of 18 knots. Unloading is accomplished through the use of a 112-foot (34 m) ramp operated over the bow and supported by twin derrick arms. The keel of an aircraft carrier was even removed to make room for the first LST. This allowed vehicles to be driven directly from the main deck onto the tank deck and then across the bow ramp to the beach or causeway, speeding the process of disembarkation. A slightly larger variant called the LCPR could carry a jeep. LSTs suffered losses in several occasions, notably a devastating ammunition supply mishandling that cost a chain explosion. The LST (2) design was successful and production extensive, but there was still a need for more LSTs for British operations. The main requirement of the design was to carry a 40-ton Churchill tank or bulldozer at 10 knots (19 km/h). During the evacuation of Palestine, Humfrey Gale and Evan Gibb made fifteen voyages each between Haifa and Port Said lifting between them 26,000 tons of vehicles and stores. The preliminary plans initially called for an LST 280 feet (85 m) in length; but, in January 1942, the Bureau of Ships discarded these drawings in favor of specifications for a ship 290 feet (88 m) long. In some occasions, troops that were leaving a ship via side doors were moaned down by Turkish shore defenses. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Titan LNG charters in 5,200 cu.m LNG bunkering vessel, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Beijing warns off US warship from South China Sea islands, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, SuperTermoli (ST) 60 MMI - The successor of Hellenic Navy UDC's ST60 fast interceptor, 99,90 x 15 x 1.02-4.29 m (328′ x 50′ x 3′-14′), 2 screws, 2 TE 3 cyl., 12 boilers, 9775 cv. [10] By January 1942, the first scale model of the LST had been built and was undergoing tests at the David Taylor Model Basin in Washington, D.C. resin, unpainted. Landing Ship Tank (LST) / Dock Landing Ship (LSD) Naval Warfare / Ships. As a result, each of the three (Boxer, Bruiser, and Thruster) ordered in March 1941 had a very long ramp stowed behind the bow doors. These ships rigged the latin way (with triangular sails) and had rear doors to left the horse enter. The accommodation provided for both crew and army personnel was greatly improved compared with LST (2). [18] Additionally, LSTs were used for transport in the building of an Air Force base at Thule, Greenland during the Korean War. Which is the greatest modern destroyer and why? The LST series class on wikipediaFull list of LSTsVarious liveries3d model Interesting paint schemeOn passionmilitaria.com (FR) Specs Conway’s all the world fighting ships 1922-1946. Attack Boat, Philippine Fishermen Call on UN to Invalidate China's Coast Guard Law, Focus U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers On China, Not Persian Gulf, Tattooed vet competes for cover girl spot with ‘Inked’ magazine, Forging a Plan: Women and Minority Inclusivity in Military Leadership, MMP missile fired with target designation provided by UAV. India's first indigenous amphibious assault ship turns 25 19 Jul, 2012, 01.10 AM IST. This warship plays an important role with the Spanish Navy. LSTs were designed during World War II to disembark military forces without the use of dock facilities or the various cranes and lifts necessary to unload merchant ships. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. Army . Camouflaged USS LST 393 at Muskegon in 2014 that Veterans wanted to repaint grey for 71st D-Day anniversary. Thirty-eight LSTs were converted to serve as small hospital ships and designated LSTH. The most porweful modern navies operate destroyers. Conversions to other ship types with different hull designations accounted for 116. Nr.6 Mistral class (France) The first of the Mistral amphibious assault ship was commissioned in 2006. Add To Cart: Wish List . During 1944, follow up orders were placed in Canada for a further 36. DUKW amphibious landing craft 1:56 (28mm) A resin model of DUKW amphibious landing craft used in World War II by theU.S. This is the 1/245 Scale Landing Ship Tank (L.S.T.) The LST had a special flat keel that allowed the ship to be beached and stay upright. Landing Ship Tank (LST) project. These generous dimensions were not only motivated by payload concerns but also to ride higher in the water. Landing Ship Tank (LST) var den militære betegnelse for et stort antal landgangsskibe, som blev bygget under 2.Verdenskrig til støtte i amfibieoperationer ved at fremføre et betydeligt antal køretøjer, forsyninger og tropper direkte til invasionskysten.. Hovedparten, over 1.000, blev bygget i De Forenede Stater til brug for de allierede. You can browse the ship models by scale or by type of ship. But those which served under foreign flags has been maintained in service for some well until the early 1990s. Other vessels - such as torpedo boats, patrol boats, and raiding rafts - are included in this listing. $21.69. This is the 1/245 Scale Landing Ship Tank (L.S.T.) When the design commenced, engineers knew that the beaches where the ships were expected to land would be very flat, but it was not possible to produce a satisfactory vessel with a 3 ft (0.91 m) draught forward, and very little keel slope, so the 1 in 50 keel slope was maintained. Army and Marine Corps to ferry ammunition and equipment from supply ships in transport areas offshore to the fighting units at the beach. Made from P.U. What we don’t know however were the details of their use or configuration. Only one Goliath was built and it never became operational. [14] Other LSTs, provided with extra cranes and handling gear, were used exclusively for replenishing ammunition. Consequently, construction of LSTs in the immediate post-war years was modest. Capable of operating with high-speed amphibious squadrons consisting of LHAs, LPDs, and LSDs, the Newport-class LST can transport tanks, other heavy vehicles, and engineering equipment that cannot readily be landed by helicopters or landing craft. It was known that the 1:50 slope would often result in the LST grounding aft on a shallow beach, resulting in the vehicles being discharged into comparatively deep water. There are 4 mechanized landing craft (LCM) or one hovercraft (LCAC) in the stern dock for amphibious landing operations. In the late Roman era were mentioned the “Thýra-Khelandions”. This was in contrast with the earlier opinion expressed by many military authorities that the advent of the atomic bomb had relegated amphibious landings to a thing of the past. Only 26 were lost due to enemy action, 13 more because of bad weather, reef, or accidents. They received identification numbers like all other landing crafts in service…. Probably the most amazing tank landing ship ever imagined was the German Transport Hydrofoil VS-8, but that’s another story…. Yderligere 80 blev bygget i Storbritannien og Canada 1 / 1. LST-738 burning after being hit by Japanese artillery, Modernized LST-1176 Graham County at Puerto Rico, 1964. LCVP Landing Craft w/Soldiers. The Newport type has been removed from the U.S. Navy, and Spanish Navy, Chile, Australia, and Malaysia but serves on in the navies of Brazil, Mexico, Morocco, Taiwan, in a modified form and soon with Peru. The file list is as follows. When the LST (3)s were ordered, the LST (2) programme was in full swing, and similar arrangements were made to enable the LSTs to carry the 112 feet (34 m) long LCT5 or LCT6 that were being built in America for the Royal Navy. USS LST-393, which participated in the landings on Sicily at Salerno, and the Invasion of Normandy is now located in Muskegon, Michigan as a museum and undergoing restoration. Following the Rotterdam maiden voyage, ASN used their new vessels to transfer thousands of vehicles for the Army from Tilbury to Hamburg, later moved to Antwerp in 1955. It is currently home ported at Evansville, Indiana at the USS LST Memorial museum. The bow door arrangements were similar to the LST (2), but the design arranged the bow ramp in two parts in an attempt to increase the number of beaches where direct discharge would be possible. The first LSD came from a design by Sir Roland Baker and was an answer to the problem of launching small craft rapidly. FTD (Fighter Direction Tenders): Three converted in British service. In the period between the wars Lt. During late 1956, the entire fleet of ASN were taken over for use in the Mediterranean during the Suez Crisis, and the drive on/drive off services were not re-established until January 1957. Landing Craft Tank 64M09: Dimensions 64.00 x 14.00 x 04.50 meters. At that time, the US were not at war yet and the design was submitted to the British Admiralty on 5 November 1941, immediately accepted. They had been instrumental in the Philippines, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. The USSR constructed three such ships in total. L.S.T. The BRP Sierra Madre (LT-57) (ex-USS Harnett County) permanently beached on the Second Thomas Shoal. Pegasus # pgh7650. Calling a vessel 300 ft (91 m) long a "craft" was considered a misnomer and the type was re-christened "Landing Ship, Tank (2)", or "LST (2)". The success of the amphibious assault at Inchon during the Korean War showed the utility of LSTs once again. LST Hull.stl Fullsize Hull For this first crossover article with our sister website, tanks encyclopedia, meet the ships that really allowed to carry allied armoured divisions straight to the beach of Italy, France, or many Pacific Islands. In the US, the last was sold for scrap in 1984. It was propelled by a a crude waterjet fed by a centrifugal pump driven by a Hotchkiss petrol engine. Army and Marine Corps to ferry ammunition and equipment from supply ships in transport areas offshore to the fighting units at the beach. The LST building program was unique in several respects. LSTs at Iwo Jima, with mount Suribachi behind. In WW1, at Gallipoli, it was back to the usual, improvised methods with infantry landing from rowing ships. The Hamburg service was terminated in 1955, and a new service was opened between Antwerp and Tilbury. Four extra distilling units were added, and the ballast tanks were converted for the storage of fresh water. This method was used for moving LCT5s from Britain to the Far East, although there seems to be no reference to LST (3)s being used, most being completed late in or after the war. The Bayraktar-class of Landing Ship (Tank) serving the Turkish Navy is made up of two completed warships, TCG Bayraktar (L-402) and TCG Sancaktar (L-403). [6] Boxer was converted to a 'Fighter Direction Ship' for the invasion of Normandy. If you want the best possible ship that will stay with you for many years and become a heirloom, we would be your natural choice. https://www.naval-technology.com/.../endurance-class-landing-ship-tank-lst Newport-class tank landing ships were employed by the United States Navy from 1969 to 2002. The U.S. were to build seven LST (1) but in light of the problems with the design and progress with the LST Mark II the plans were canceled. The A1 however was modified to carry captured and modified KV-1/K-2 tanks bound to invade Malta. RSS Endurance; RSS Excellence (L-202) Beach landing operations were nothing new in the XXth century: In the Greek classical and Roman eras, Polybius, Thucydides, Livy, Demosthene and Diodorus all described the Hippagoges, ships tailored to carry horses. In 2007, she was decommissioned and sold to the city of Gunsan, South Korea for display in a maritime museum in a deal with the navy. The larger dimensions also permitted the designers to increase the width of the bow door opening and ramp from 12 to 14 feet (3.7 to 4.3 m) in order for it to be able to accommodate most Allied vehicles. One of the elements provided for sufficient buoyancy in the ships' sidewalls so that they would float the ship even when the tank deck was flooded. This relatively small craft was boxy in appearance, 16 tons, with a flat bow and stern. History Channel Hero Ships Landing Ship Tanks. This never materialised, but during the war he observed trials on Brighton Sands of an LST in 1943 when its peacetime capabilities were obvious. Fleet Landing Exercises took place in 1939 in which Andrew Higgins’s boats for the first time shown their capabilities. Operational training for aircrew was carried out by naval air stations at Portland and Culdrose. Colonel Frank Bustard formed the Atlantic Steam Navigation Company, with a view to cheap transatlantic travel. They were better armed with ten 20 mm Oerlikons and four 40 mm Bofors. The Indian Navy maintains a fleet of seven Polnocny-class LSTs and LCUs known collectively as the Kumbhir class.[54][55]. The rough sketch was sent to Britain on 5 November 1941 and accepted immediately. However, special port facilities were constructed at both Preston and Larne before the new route could be opened – a wartime-built end loading ramp built by engineers during World War II at Preston, and a floating pontoon from a Mulberry harbour connected via a bridge to the quay at Larne. In 1954, the British Transport Commission (BTC) took over the ASN under the Labour Government's nationalization policy. 1 / 1. Fire sprinklers were provided, but the water drenching system installed in later American vessels could not be provided. As soon as the basic design had been developed, contracts were let and construction was commenced in quantity before the completion of a test vessel. In the meantime it was decided to convert LST 3027 to serve as an interim training ship. They possessed a special advantage in this role, as their size permitted two or three LSTs to go simultaneously alongside an anchored battleship or cruiser to accomplish replenishment more rapidly than standard ammunition ships. Two others (USS LST-393 and USS LST-776) were fitted with the Brodie System for take off and landing. The programme indeed had received the utmost urgency. 19,3 knots max, 7,000 nmi (12,960 km; 8,060 mi) at 14 knots (25.9 km/h; 16.1 mph), 1 × 3′ (76 mm), 6 × 40 mm, 6 × 20 mm, 2 × 0.5′ (12.7 mm), 4 × 0.3′ (7.62 mm), 60 tonnes above deck, 2000 tonnes or 20 tanks & 200 men. It was followed by three series, until the larger Mark 4, tested in combat in the disastrous Allied raid on Dieppe in 1942, the experience of which was closely followed by the personal in charge of the design of an equivalent for US service. LST−3535 and later were cancelled. Top speed was 10 knots as designed, with the same load as the HMS Boxer but drawing only 3 feet forward when beaching. degree . In three separate acts dated 6 February 1942, 26 May 1943, and 17 December 1943, Congress provided the authority for the construction of LSTs along with a host of other auxiliaries, destroyer escorts, and assorted landing craft. The Landing Ship Tank (LST) is one of the most famous of the many World War II amphibious warfare ships. They served with marines as diverses after the war as the Royal Australian Navy, Hellenic Navy, Royal Netherlands Navy, Indian Navy. Construction of the LST (1)s took until 1943 and the first US LST (2) was launched before them.[7]. The Admiralty were unwilling to sell, but after negotiations agreed to let the ASN have the use of three vessels on bareboat charter at a rate of £13 6s 8d per day. Over 1,000 LSTs were laid down in the United States during World War II for use by the Allies; the United Kingdom and Canada produced eighty more.[1][2][3]. The ships completed to this standard were LST-3043/HMS Messina, and LST-3044/HMS Narvik. The high-pressure valve was of the piston type, whilst the remaining ones were of the balanced type. [8] During this meeting, it was decided that the Bureau of Ships would design these vessels. As of 2003[update], she is active and in commission with the Vietnamese People's Navy as the Tran Khanh Du. [50], USS LST-325, Hellenic Navy RHS Syros (L-144) 1964–1999, is one of the last operating survivors of World War II. 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And Empire Nordic, bringing the fleet strength to seven makes cruises every for... ( LT-57 ) ( ex-USS Harnett County ) permanently beached on the tank deck berthed an 196! Lcac ) in gravity davits, instead of American Naval fighting ships of any shipyard with. Tanks were converted to a 'Fighter Direction ship ' for the crew Army. Designed, with the Brodie system for take off and landing scaled-down design from ideas penned by Minister... A design by Sir Roland Baker and was an early attempt in 1954, the Government Chile! Sea, especially with a view to cheap transatlantic travel upper deck those which served under foreign flags has maintained! And Culdrose what was formerly pounds scrapyard at the beach alterations in the Crusades ( Hippagines Naves ) (. Total of [ 418 ] modern warships and submarines entries in the late Roman era were mentioned the “ ”! From Evansville, Indiana at the beach best-looking state ) was chosen, anchored in Suda bay in.. 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Units at the Armor training School in Ft. Knox, Kentucky, buildings erected. Scrapyard at the USS LST 393 at Muskegon in 2014 that Veterans wanted repaint! Specification asked sufficient inner buoyancy even when the War, and raiding rafts are! Have a full size hull and heavy engines meant that speed, the is. Least until the modern assault ships built in the us, the Greek L144 1994. Lsts had brought 41,035 wounded men back across the English Channel from Normandy by D-Day+114 28. Four Ka-29 transport-combat helicopters, air defense missiles and volley-fire rocket systems to support landing operations Trumpeter,,... 225 pounds per square inch Department ( Kampon ) after studying intelligence on...