In the northern part of its cultivated growing range, it typically grows as either a 15-20' tall tree with a spreading, rounded crown or as a shorter, suckering, open, multi-stemmed shrub. Also does quite well in the heavy clay soils of Missouri. Our trees. The habit is more upright and flowers slightly larger than the species. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 117883 ) with original publication details: Sp. Will grow in wet soils such as those found in low spots or near ponds/streams. Fall color is yellow-brown. Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The fruit is a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure (aggregate)  that matures from green to pink, then red. Species. native to eastern United States; more common in southeast; hardy to zone 5 ; ... Cultivars/Varieties. It grows wild from Long Island, New York all the way south through the coastal states into Florida, and around much … All rights reserved. australis).Leaves oval or oblong, sometimes obovate, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in. See also Magnolia virginiana var. Magnolia Magnolia. The sweetbay magnolia has been hybridized horticulturally with a number of species within subgenus Magnolia. Sweetbay magnolia is a smaller, less majestic cousin of Magnolia grandiflora (Southern magnolia), that beloved aristocratic icon of the southern United States. No serious insect or disease problems. Chlorosis (yellowing) may occur in high pH soils. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/magvir/all.html Very fragrant vanilla-scented flowers. Stop by, email, or call. Habitat. var. These species include M. globosa, M. grandiflora, M. insignis, M. macrophylla, M. obovata, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala. Table 1. When mature the structure splits open to reveal bright red seeds. 535 1753 . Young branches are smooth and green, older bark is dark gray. M. virginiana - M.virginiana is deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, ovate, green leaves and cup-shaped, fragrant, creamy-white to greenish-white flowers from early summer to early autumn. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Magnolia virginiana L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Magnolia (family Magnoliaceae ). © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Susceptible to chlorosis in alkaline soils. Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy. 129 Some Old and New Interspecific Magnolia Hybrids by STEPHEN A. SPONGBERG In 1820, John Sims described a new variety of the native American sweet-bay, Magnolia virginiana, and presented an illustration of the new plant in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine under t. 2164 (Figure 1). The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Our communities. Pl. It is also tolerant to wet sites, such as pond edges and low areas in a landscape. Zone 4. M. virginiana "Moonglow" is an upright form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a spread of 15 to 18 feet. The goal of such crosses is, presumably, to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora . In the more southern parts of its range, sweetbay magnolia is evergreen but it may lose all or most of its leaves during the winters in Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) The anise magnolia has leaves that look somewhat like those … In zone 6 it will grow to a height of about 15′-20′. Cultivars of the straight species of Magnolia virginiana include several hybrids with Magnolia grandiflora: 'Freeman', 'Griffin', 'Sweet Summer', and 'Timeless Beauty'. It is becoming more common in contemporary landscapes because of new cultivars with smaller sizes, increased cold hardiness, and fully evergreen foliage into zone 6 landscapes. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Easily grown in acidic, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Few trees can match Magnolia grandiflora’s stately elegance. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Mature trees range from 10 to 60 feet in height with similar spreads. Often planted in parks. Native to Eastern U.S.; commonly found in wet or swampy sites. Fragrance. Magnolia virginiana Figure 1. The Sweetbay Magnolia, Magnolia virginiana, was the first American magnolia to be introduced into Europe, in 1678, where it created a sensation. Sparse, 2 to 3 inch diameter flowers. australis), also called southern sweet bay magnolias, naturally occur in the eastern regions of the United States. It is commonly called southern magnolia because of its prevalence in the South. Lemon-scented, white flowers bloom from May through August, followed by showy red seeds that ripen in the fall. General : Magnolias are one of the oldest tree species in the world (USNA, 2006). Evergreen Magnolia Tree Varieties Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) – Also known as Bull Bay, southern magnolia displays shiny foliage and fragrant, pure white blooms that turn creamy white as the flowers mature. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen.Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715).Specific epithet means of Virginia. The following menu has 3 levels. Foliage is evergreen to semi-evergreen in the South, but generally deciduous in the St. Louis area. Building the urban forest for 2050. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) Hybrid Varieties 8. acuminata Variety: Ivory Chalice. The ivory chalice shown below is a cross between a Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata. Use in foundation plantings, near patios or on the periphery of woodland areas. It creates a very impressive scene in the garden and makes a wonderful specimen flowering shrub or small tree for the landscape. Magnolia Grandiflora Varieties. Excellent specimen tree for lawns or tall multi-stemmed shrub for shrub borders. See also Magnolia virginiana var. In the deep South, it is apt to be more tree-like, sometimes growing to 60' tall. Magnolia virginiana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. sweetbay magnolia, laurel magnolia, swamp magnolia. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. See also Magnolia virginiana var. Creamy white flowers held singly on the the branch blooms in mid-June. Magnolia is an ancient genus. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. Use enter to activate. Sweetbay is a woody, flowering, native tree that can grow up to 60 ft (grows only to 20–40 ft in the North) on multiple gray and smooth stems (Dirr, 1998; Gilman and Watson, 2014). The impetus for this discussion resulted from the … Sims named the plant var. Location of Magnolia virginiana (Sweetbay magnolia) at the Arboretum Pruning Moonglow® sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson'):  This cultivar is more  tolerant of cold and can retain some of its semi-evergreen foliage more successfully in northern climates. Chemistry Common Names Names that are used with this species include sweetbay magnolia, laurel magnolia, beaver tree, whitebay, sweetbay, swampbay, and swamp magnolia. Specific epithet means of Virginia. It has dark green foliage with white flowers that give off a fresh lemony scent in early summer. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Magnolia virginiana L. Sweet Bay. This is a medium-sized tree that blooms from mid spring to early summer. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Appreciates a protected location in USDA Zone 5 where it is not reliably winter hardy throughout. Magnolia virginiana, commonly called sweet bay magnolia, is native to the southeastern United States north along the Atlantic coast to New York. Zone 4. Synonyms: Magnolia glauca L. A shrub or small tree to 30 ft high (but taller in the southern form sometimes called var. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) With willow-like petals that are a beautiful shade of white, this … Magnolia Magnolia sieboldii Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Magnoliids Order: Magnoliales Family: Magnoliaceae Genus: Magnolia L. Type species Magnolia virginiana L. Subgenera Magnolia Yulania Gynopodium Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. It has fragrant, creamy-white flowers and glossy, dark green leaves with silvery undersides. Not reliably winter hardy in the St. Louis area. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Our future. Appearing before bees did, th… O ne of 125 deciduous and evergreen members of the ancient Magnoliaceae genus , sweetbay magnolia was introduced into cultivation in the late 1600s and first appeared in European gardens in 1688. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia Magnoliaceae. Sweetbay Magnolia1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sweetbay Magnolia is a graceful southern, evergreen to semi-evergreen, wide columnar tree, ideal for use as a patio tree or specimen (Fig. Lily Magnolia. Features cup-shaped, sweetly fragrant (lemony), 9-12 petaled, creamy white, waxy flowers (2-3" diameter) which appear in mid-spring and sometimes continue sporadically throughout the summer. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Medium to dark green above, silvery underneath. Magnolia virginiana ‘Henry Hicks’ is a pyramidal shaped evergreen that is a very attractive variety of Sweetbay Magnolia. The habit is more upright and flowers slightly larger than the species. Sweetbay magnolia is a late blooming tree native to the eastern United States. Requires a moist site in full sun to part shade.May need some winter protection, avoid sites that are cold and windswept in winter.Extremely tolerant of wet conditions.Supplemental water in dry periods. It produces large bi-colored flowers, which are white flushed with pink and purple, and measure up to ten inches across. Suggested Use: Flowering Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. In previous tree profiles, I discussed Magnolia acuminata and M. × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M. viginiana. Lemon scented.Often hidden by the foliage. Some of these hybrids have been given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). Go to list of cultivars. Moonglow® sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson'): This cultivar is more tolerant of cold and can retain some of its semi-evergreen foliage more successfully in northern climates. Lily magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora) is native to Southwest China, and has many names … Predicted Effect of Climate Change on the Size (%) of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American Tree Species. It is beautiful even in the winter, and very hard-to-find. Prized for its fragrant flowers, showy conelike fruit, handsome foliage, and smooth gray bark, Magnolia virginiana (Sweet Bay Magnolia) can be grown as a graceful, slender tree or as a multi-stemmed shrub. Expand. Magnolia virginiana "Santa Rosa" is an evergreen cultivar of the native species. USDA zones 5-9 Prefers moist, rich, organic soils, but, unlike most other magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy soils. This small tree is an excellent choice near patios, wood edges, and shrub borders. This tree is classified as Magnolia virginiana and is placed in Magnoliaceae like other magnolia trees and shrubs. long, scarcely half as wide, often blunt at the apex, lustrous green and glabrous above, blue-white and downy beneath, especially when young. 1). Middle-aged Sweetbay Magnolia. Magnolia virginiana is: Semi evergreen. Alternate ,simple, 5 inch oblong leaves. Oblong-lanceolate shiny green foliage is silvery beneath. Green Shadow Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana 'Green Shadow'): Green Shadow sweetbay magnolia was selected for improved hardiness and leaf retention, but it also features the fragrant white blooms of the species during a long flowering period. Photo by: Spring Hill Nurseries. This popular magnolia is a hybrid species, which was the result of crossing the Lily Magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora) and the Yulan Magnolia (Magnolia denudata). This large multi-trunked tree can reach heights of up to … Magnolia virginiana Green Mile™ has an upright form good for allée plantings, but also attractive as a single specimen. Have tree and plant questions? Magnolia x soulangeana is a hybrid Magnolia resulting from a cross between Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora. Swamp magnolia trees (Magnolia virginiana var. An upright form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a number of species within subgenus Magnolia of about.... Tree-Like, sometimes obovate, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in trees can Magnolia! M. viginiana tree-like, sometimes growing to 60 ' tall.Leaves oval or oblong, sometimes to! Cherokee Indians form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a spread of 15 to 18 feet this small for... About the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website by our... Submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent North along the Atlantic coast to New.. Species, M. macrophylla, M. obovata, M. macrophylla, M. grandiflora menu! 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