The plain extends east-west for a distance of about 150 miles (240 km) and is one of the country’s richest agricultural areas. In fact, Guatemala is known as the sailfish capital of the world. Guatemala Bordering Countries: The 250-mile- (400-km-) long Motagua River is the longest of a series of rivers draining eastward toward the Caribbean. What is the terrain and geography like in Guatemala? We now have a Public mailbox! This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. Guatemala is home to a population of around 16,581,273 people. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Southern Guatemala is dominated by a string of 27 volcanoes extending for about 180 miles (300 km) between Mexico and El Salvador. A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. From AC/DC to Bruce Springsteen, test your knowledge of the origins of various musicians and groups in this quiz. Lake Izabal is the most significant lake. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). PLAY. Presentations in PowerPoint format. These phrases are more technical terms, and you won’t usually hear Guatemalans referring to the country with this vocabulary. The city of Antigua Guatemala is precariously situated beneath three volcanoes: Agua Volcano (12,350 feet [3,760 metres]), Fuego Volcano (12,336 feet [3,763 metres]), and Acatenango Volcano (13,045 feet [3,976 metres]). mas informaion chavezcastro ai@yahoo.com - panoramio.jpg 3,648 × 2,736; 5.31 MB. Major regions include the Central Highlands that separate the Cuchumatanes Mountains of the northwest from the volcanic ranges of the Sierra Madre Mountains of the south and east. These departments are further subdivided into 340 municipalities. Guatemala is a country located in Central America. Between the volcanoes and the Pacific Ocean lies a fertile plain ranging 25–30 miles (40–50 km) in width. The Petén region, a large, low-lying, rectangular area, juts northward to occupy a portion of the Yucatán Peninsula, a limestone platform shared with Mexico and Belize. Located in the south-central region of the country, in Valle de la Ermita of the Central Highlands is Guatemala City (Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion) – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Guatemala. Lava flow from Pacaya is sometimes visible from Guatemala City. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Feel free to send anything via mail! Then it ends with its plains and plateau. Some hold that the original form was Quauhtemallan (indicating an Aztec rather than a Mayan origin), meaning “land of trees,” and others hold that it is derived from Guhatezmalha, meaning “mountain of vomiting water”— referring no doubt to such volcanic eruptions as the one that destroyed Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala (modern-day Antigua Guatemala), the first permanent Spanish capital of the region’s captaincy general. There are two mountain ranges in Guatemala that divide the country into three different regions. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south. Guatemala has a tropical climate, and weather that is largely determined by geography and altitude. Sandwiched between the volcanic landscape and the Petén are the high mountain ranges and valleys. Emeritus Professor of History, University of Kansas, Lawrence; Director, Center of Latin American Studies, 1970–74. Sierra los Cuchumatanes to the west rises to elevations in excess of 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). https://www.britannica.com/place/Guatemala, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook -- Guatemala, Guatemala - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guatemala - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The sierras provide a major barrier between the heavily occupied volcanic landscape to the south and the sparsely populated Petén to the north. It is situated in Hermitage Valley of the Sierra Madre, and is the largest city in Central America. Guatemala is gaining international fame among anglers for the quality of its deep-sea fishing. The origin of the name Guatemala is Indian, but its derivation and meaning are undetermined. Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands, where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast, south of the mountains; and the Petén region, north of the mountains.. From the Cuchamatán Mountains in the western highlands, to the coastlines on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, this small country is marked by contrasts. GEOGRAPHY. 20061116 13-47-08guatr3sfoelaltopainting.JPG 720 × 269; 51 KB. The Guatemalan highlands are an upland region found in the southern part of the country. The Petén, lying largely below 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation, exhibits a knobby or hilly surface characterized by subsurface drainage of water. Guatemala is drained by numerous rivers; the Motagua, the country's longest river, rises in the Central Highlands and flows to the Caribbean Sea. Guatemala - Geography Guatemala, the third largest country in Central America, occupies 108,430 sq km (41,865 sq mi) of total land area, and is slightly smaller than Tennessee. This first section describes the various ecosystems that exist in Guatemala. The alignment of volcanic cones begins with the Tacaná Volcano (13,428 feet [4,093 metres]), located on the frontier with Mexico, and continues eastward across Guatemala into El Salvador. Christianity is the religion of the majority. La Clima Problemas Deforestación Erosión Polución "La Tierra de Primavera Eterna" Tropical y Húmedo Costa Pacífica Petén Región 3 Zonas de la tierra de Guatemala Fresco Estación lluvioso Mayo - Octubre Volcanes Cana de azucar Playas negras Pantanos Flor Geografía de Guatemala Guatemala is a country of volcanoes, mountains, and beaches on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Resources. Between the volcanoes and the Pacific Ocean lies a … STUDY. The Great Plaza, Temple II, Tikal, Guatemala. The country has beaches on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Guatemala is mountainous, except for the south coastal area and the vast northern lowlands of Petén department. Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador. See Also: Central America. Guatemala is a country of volcanoes, mountains, and beaches on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. km (42,042 sq mi). It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country. It's a land full of beautiful landscape and glorious color. The country’s contemporary capital, Guatemala City, is a major metropolitan centre; Quetzaltenango in the western highlands is the nucleus of the Indian population. The Academy of Geography and History of Guatemala promotes the study of Guatemalan history, geography, and culture. See more ideas about geography, guatemala, geometry google. 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