David Gilmour, the guitarist who replaced Barrett, was also a Cambridge resident and attended the nearby Perse School. [104] For example, 2000 firkins of butter were brought up the river every Monday from the agricultural lands to the North East, particularity Norfolk, to be unloaded in the town for road transportation to London. Cambridge International AS Level results statistics - June 2020 (PDF, 48KB) Cambridge International A Level results statistics - June 2020 (PDF, 50KB) Programme of performers, 8 and 9 June 1969. Wesley Methodist Church was built in 1913, and is located next to This site has been developed by Esri UK using InstantAtlas, Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Adult Social Care, Published Joint Strategic Needs Assessments. Shallower parts of the Cam are used for recreational punting, a type of boating in which the craft is propelled by pushing against the river bed with a quant pole. The population development of Cambridge as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Cambridge Lions represent the city in rugby league, and are members of East Rugby League.[144]. The A428 connects the city with the A1 at St Neots: the route continues westwards towards Oxford (as the A421) via Bedford and Milton Keynes. UK Population 2020. A second railway station, Cambridge North, opened on 21 May 2017, having originally planned to open in March 2015. Cambridge was granted a Royal Charter by King John in 1207, which permitted the appointment of a Mayor,[43] although the first recorded Mayor, Harvey FitzEustace, served in 1213. The city, like most of the UK, has a maritime climate highly influenced by the Gulf Stream. The average age of people in Cambridge is 36, while the median age is lower at 31. State provision in the further education sector includes Hills Road Sixth Form College, Long Road Sixth Form College, and Cambridge Regional College. Cambridge is situated about 55 miles (89 km) north-by-east of London and 95 miles (152 kilometres) east of Birmingham. [213], Following the Public Libraries Act 1850 the city's first public library, located on Jesus Lane, was opened in 1855. [95] In addition, 41.2% have a higher-level qualification (e.g. [23][24] The oldest existing college, Peterhouse, was founded in 1284. The population figures below are provided by the Office for National Statistics and are obtained from census data which is gathered every 10 years. County Councillors. The figures may differ from those of previous June series because both the way that candidates were awarded grades and the profile of the population of candidates entered were different. Retrieved 15 July 2020. There are three Quaker Meetings in Cambridge, located on Jesus Lane, Hartington Grove, and a Meeting called "Oast House" that meets in Pembroke College.[226]. [33] The town itself escaped relatively lightly from German bombing raids, which were mainly targeted at the railway. Fixed-term: The funds for this post are available for 3 years in the first instance. 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Interactive data and reports on the theme of Population, Demographics within the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough districts of Cambridge City, East Cambridgeshire, Fenland, Huntingdonshire, South Cambridgeshire. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, passport, country of birth, ethnic group, religion). In 1068, two years after his conquest of England, William of Normandy built a castle on Castle Hill. Concert poster: The Cambridge Free Festival, Midsummer Common, 8-11th June 1969. The Fitzwilliam Museum is the city's largest, and is the lead museum of the University of Cambridge Museums. Other members of the University of Cambridge Museums are the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, The Polar Museum, The Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences, Museum of Classical Archaeology, The Whipple Museum of the History of Science, and the University Museum of Zoology. This includes wards within the market towns of Ely, St Neots, Huntingdon, St Ives, March, Wisbech, Chatteris and Ramsey. Report published January 2020 [36] With the arrival of the railway and associated employment came development of areas around the station, such as Romsey Town. [26] With more than a third of English clergy dying in the Black Death, four new colleges were established at the university over the following years to train new clergymen, namely Gonville Hall, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi and Clare. [126], In February 2020, consultations opened for a commuter light railway known as the Cambridge Autonomous Metro. [33], The railway came to Cambridge in 1845 after initial resistance, with the opening of the Great Eastern Railway's London to Norwich line. The city is adjacent to the M11 and A14 roads. Cambridge (/ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ/[2] KAYM-brij) is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 55 miles (89 km) north of London. [25], In 1349 Cambridge was affected by the Black Death. [157] University of Cambridge and forms part of the work of the new Centre for the Future of Democracy. degree, Higher National Diploma, Master's or PhD), much higher than the national average proportion (19.7%). Responsible for services including school education, social care and highways, since 2017 the County Council has been controlled by the Conservative Party.[46]. [106] Described as one of the "most beautiful cities in the world" by Forbes in 2010,[107] with the view from The Backs being selected as one of the 10 greatest in England by National Trust chair Simon Jenkins, tourism generates over £750 million for the city's economy.[108]. The city is home to the University of Cambridge, one of the world’s top universities. The Abu Bakr Jamia Islamic Centre on Mawson Road and the Omar Faruque Mosque and Cultural Centre in Kings Hedges are additional places of Muslim worship. Also, each year the population of Cambridge increases by 1970.6 in terms of aggregate. This latter project was controversial at the time. [22] In 1209, Cambridge University was founded by Oxford students fleeing from hostility. [146], There are three known former venues for greyhound racing in Cambridge. Great St Mary's Church has the status of "University Church". Cambridge Central Mosque is the main place of worship for Cambridge's community of around 4,000 Muslims. Electricity connections to the national grid rendered the small 7.26 megawatt (MW) coal fired power station redundant. While it is true that some of the most intelligent minds in the world have graced its hallowed halls, there is … [49] A layer of phosphatic nodules (coprolites) under the marl were mined in the 19th century for fertiliser. (By Middle English, the settlement's name had changed to "Cambridge", and the lower stretches of the Granta changed their name to match. The software company Autonomy Corporation is located at the Business Park on Cowley Road. But they were beaten in the playoffs and another decline set in, which was completed in 2005 when they were relegated from the Football League and for the second time in 20 years narrowly avoided going out of business. The A10 connects the city to King's Lynn to the north via Ely, and is the historic route south to the City of London. Cambridge was also the home of Pye Ltd, founded in 1898 by W. G. Pye, who worked in the Cavendish Laboratory; it began by supplying the University and later specialised in wireless telegraphy equipment, radios, televisions and also defence equipment. Upon nationalisation of the electricity industry in 1948 ownership passed to the British Electricity Authority and later to the Central Electricity Generating Board. The Cambridge Free Festival, Midsummer Common, 8-11th June 1969. Performers: David Bowie, King Crimson, Roy Harper, and others. The potential future population size of the UK and its constituent countries. [4] The buildings of the university include King's College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, and the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest legal deposit libraries in the world. Cambridge is at the heart of the high-technology Silicon Fen with industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies born out of the university. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on All-populations.com. Weather station is located 3 miles (5 km) from the Cambridge city centre. In addition, the Digital Technology Group of the University's Department of Computer Science and Technology[57] maintains a weather station on the West Cambridge site, displaying current weather conditions online via web browsers or an app, and also an archive dating back to 1995.[58]. [97][98], Local census 1749[99] Annual Weather Averages in Cambridge. It became a major industry in the county, and its profits yielded buildings such as the Corn Exchange, Fulbourn Hospital and St. John's Chapel until the Quarries Act 1894 and competition from America ended production.[50]. 29 people were killed and no historic buildings were damaged. Cambridge Local Authority District covers most of the City's urban area but some extends outside this into South Cambridgeshire District. [205] The smaller Brookfields Hospital stands on Mill Road. [114] The M11 motorway from east London terminates to the north-west of the city where it joins the A14, a major freight route which connects the port of Felixstowe on the east coast with the Midlands. Cambridge railway station was opened in 1845, initially linking to Bishopsgate station in London, via Bishops Stortford. Answer: Cambridge, United Kingdom (Administrative unit: England) - last known population is ≈ 128 500 (year 2014).This was 0.2% of total United Kingdom population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2011-2014 (+1.55%/year), Cambridge population in 2020 would be: 140 927*. [45], Each of the 14 wards also elects councillors to Cambridgeshire County Council. Typically the temperature will reach 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or higher on over 25 days of the year over the 1981–2010 period,[72] with the annual warmest day averaging 31.5 °C (88.7 °F)[73] over the same period. “The Global Satisfaction with Democracy Report 2020.” Cambridge, United Kingdom: Centre for the Future of Democracy. At the United Kingdom Census 2011, the population of the Cambridge built-up area (which is larger than the remit of Cambridge City Council) was 158,434 including 29,327 students. Cambridge IGCSE (9-1) results statistics - June 2020 (PDF, 139KB) Cambridge IGCSE results statistics - June 2020 … [175] Anglia Ruskin University operates the publicly accessible Ruskin Gallery within the Cambridge School of Art. Council Structure. The population of Cambridge in 1990 was 95,802, up from 95,322 in 1980 and down from the 1950 peak of 120,740. [48] The town was thus historically surrounded by low lying wetlands that have been drained as the town has expanded. The Open University also has a presence in the city, with an office operating on Hills Road.[42]. [183] Other festivals include the annual Mill Road Winter Fair, held the first Saturday of December,[184] the E-luminate Festival, which has taken place every November since 2013,[185] and The Big Weekend, is a city outdoor event organised by the City Council every July. [109] Cambridge Science Park, which is the largest commercial R&D centre in Europe, is owned by Trinity College;[110][111] St John's is the landlord of St John's Innovation Centre. Statistical bulletin | Released on 24 June 2020 [7], The principal Roman site is a small fort (castrum) Duroliponte on Castle Hill, just northwest of the city centre around the location of the earlier British village. [187][188][189][190][191][192][193][194][195], The city has been the setting for all or part of several novels, including Douglas Adams' Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency, Rose Macaulay's They Were Defeated,[196] Kate Atkinson's Case Histories,[197] Rebecca Stott's Ghostwalk[198] and Robert Harris' Enigma,[199][200] while Susanna Gregory wrote a series of novels set in 14th century Cambridge. Here are some facts about Cambridge. During this period, Cambridge benefited from good trade links across the hard-to-travel fenlands. The Romsey Town Rollerbillies play roller derby in Cambridge. [125] It is expected to open in 2025. Learn more about Cambridge, including its history. Concert poster: Cambridge Free Festival, Coldham's Common, 12th/13th June 1971. [206] Cambridgeshire Constabulary provides the city's policing; the main police station is at Parkside,[207] adjacent to the city's fire station, operated by Cambridgeshire Fire and Rescue Service. Coldham's Common, Stourbridge Common, Nine Wells, Byron's Pool, West Pit, Paradise, Barnwell West, Barnwell East, and Logan's Meadow. [160] The Centre for Computing History, a museum dedicated to the story of the Information age, moved to Cambridge from Haverhill in 2013. [93] Within the University, 84% of undergraduates and 80% of post-graduates identify as white (including overseas students). [147] They were at Coldham Road, which was opened by the Cambridge and District Greyhound Racing Club on 10 April 1931, and Cowper Lane which also opened in 1931. With a population of 2.1 million, it is the country's 25th largest metropolitan area. A southern area of the city, Queen Edith's ward,[47] falls within in the South Cambridgeshire constituency, whose MP is Anthony Browne (Conservative), first elected in 2019. District and ward level population and dwelling stock estimates and forecasts for Cambridge, East Cambridgeshire, Fenland, Huntingdonshire, South Cambridgeshire and Peterborough are produced, as well as parish level population and dwelling stock estimates. Anglia Ruskin University, which evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, also has its main campus in the city. [231][232] Opened in 2019, it is described as Europe's first eco-friendly mosque[233] and is the first purpose-built mosque within the city. The entire city centre, as well as parts of Chesterton, Petersfield, West Cambridge, Newnham, and Abbey, are covered by an Air Quality Management Area, implemented to counter high levels of nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere. King Henry I granted Cambridge a monopoly on river trade, privileging this area of the economy of Cambridge[103] The town market provided for trade in a wide variety of goods and annual trading fairs such as Stourbridge Fair and Midsummer Fair were visited by merchants from across the country. 66,796,800 2019 Release date: 24 June 2020 Next release: June 2021 [140] There are seven amateur cricket clubs within the city: Cambridge Granta, Camden, Cambridge St Giles, New Chesterton Institute, Fen Ditton, Romsey Town and Cherry Hinton. [15] Their settlement – also on and around Castle Hill – became known as Grantebrycge. [221] The city also has a number of theological colleges training clergy for ordination into a number of denominations, with affiliations to both the University of Cambridge and Anglia Ruskin University. The 2019 population estimate, current as of July 1, 2020, totaled 118,927. It will connect the historic city centre and the existing busway route with the mainline railway stations, Cambridge Science Park, and Haverhill.[127]. [104] Changing patterns of retail distribution and the advent of the railways led to a decline in Cambridge's importance as a market town. Since 2017 it has also linked to Cambridge North railway station. The Museum of Cambridge, formerly known as the Cambridge & County Folk Museum, is a social history museum located in a former pub on Castle Street. White British is the predominant race in UK. A Hindu shrine was opened in 2010 at the Bharat Bhavan Indian cultural centre off Mill Road. Cambridge's main traditional theatre is the Arts Theatre, a venue with 666 seats in the town centre. It gave Cambridge monopoly of waterborne traffic and hithe tolls and recognised the borough court. [215][216] As of 2018 the city contains six public libraries, run by the County Council.[217]. The fort was bounded on two sides by the lines formed by the present Mount Pleasant, continuing across Huntingdon Road into Clare Street. [177] Today it exists primarily as an annual funfair with the vestige of a market attached and is held over several days around or close to midsummers day. Like Cambridge, both have universities and are also similar in population; Heidelberg, Germany since 1965,[241] and Szeged, Hungary since 1987. In the 2011 census the population of Cambridge was 123,867 and is made up of approximately 49% females and 51% males. For one week in May, on Jesus Green, the annual Cambridge Beer Festival has been held since 1974. Like the rest of Cambridgeshire it is part of the Anglican Diocese of Ely. Commuter trains to King's Cross run every half-hour during peak hours, with a journey time of 53 minutes. If … [94], Cambridge has a much higher than average proportion of people in the highest paid professional, managerial or administrative jobs (32.6% vs. 23.5%)[95] and a much lower than average proportion of manual workers (27.6% vs. Extra funding for … [117] Since 2011, the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway has carried bus services into the centre of Cambridge from St Ives, Huntingdon, and other towns and villages along the routes, operated by Stagecoach in the Fens and Whippet. [136] The city has one university technical college, Cambridge Academy for Science and Technology, which opened in September 2014. The population of the counties, districts and boroughs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland according to official estimates. Concert line-up, Cambridge Free Festival, Coldham's Common, 12th/13th June 1971. Census: Regional District 1801–1901[100] Today, Cambridge station has direct rail links to London with termini at London King's Cross (via the Cambridge Line and the East Coast Main Line), Liverpool Street (on the West Anglia Main Line), and St Pancras (on the Thameslink line). Performers: David Bowie, King Crimson, Roy Harper, and others. The 2000 decennial census found that the population of Cambridge was 101,355. Population. This structure was given its current form in 2018 and revised in 2020 to account for changes in EU membership. Edgar Broughton, Arthur Brown's Kingdom Come, Demon Fuzz, Black Widow, Elder Kindred. An Orthodox synagogue and Jewish student centre is located on Thompson's Lane, operated jointly by the Cambridge Traditional Jewish Congregation and the Cambridge University Jewish Society, which is affiliated to the Union of Jewish Students. [148], Cambridge is home to two Real Tennis courts (out of just 42 in the world) at Cambridge University Real Tennis Club. [241], Coordinates: 52°12′19″N 0°07′09″E / 52.20528°N 0.11917°E / 52.20528; 0.11917, This article is about the English city. The largest venue in the city to regular hold theatrical performances is the Cambridge Corn Exchange with a capacity of 1,800 standing or 1,200 seated. Cambridge has a number of churches, some of which form a significant part of the city's architectural landscape. Midsummer Fair dates back to 1211, when it was granted a charter by King John. The University and its colleges are well known for rowing and the Cambridgeshire Rowing Association, formed in 1868, organises competitive rowing on the river outside of the University. The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209. The population history of England 1000-1540; Economy, gender, and social capital in the German demographic transition (Leverhulme Trust research project) Bridging the gap: new evidence for mortality and life expectancy spanning late medieval and early modern England (BA … [118] The A service continues on to the railway station and Addenbrookes, before terminating at a new Park and Ride in Trumpington. [65] Snowfall accumulations are usually small, in part because of Cambridge's low elevation, and low precipitation tendency during transitional snow events. The population of Cambridge in 2019 can be found out after checking the population from the past 5 years. training centre and the regional headquarters for Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Hertfordshire, and Bedfordshire established during the conflict. [29] The chapel was built in phases by a succession of kings of England from 1446 to 1515, its history intertwined with the Wars of the Roses, and completed during the reign of King Henry VIII. For electoral purposes the city is divided into 14 wards: Abbey, Arbury, Castle, Cherry Hinton, Coleridge, East Chesterton, King's Hedges, Market, Newnham, Petersfield, Queen Edith's, Romsey, Trumpington, and West Chesterton. Within the city there are several notable museums, some run by the University of Cambridge Museums consortium and others independent of it. The Cambridge Free Festival, Midsummer Common, 8-11th June 1969. [26] The town north of the river was severely affected being almost wiped out. Rent (one bed property: £761. Jobs and Careers. Settlements have existed around the Cambridge area since prehistoric times. [105], Today Cambridge has a diverse economy with strength in sectors such as research & development, software consultancy, high value engineering, creative industries, pharmaceuticals and tourism. Research document library. United Kingdom (U.K.) has population of over 66 million which is ranking 22rd most populous country in the world. A predicted population of 176,000 by 2031; An average age of 39.5 (2 years younger than the provincial average) An average income very close to the provincial average The Cambridge Rules were first played on Parker's Piece and had a 'defining influence on the 1863 Football Association rules' which again were first played on Parker's Piece.[137]. Singers Matthew Bellamy,[168] of the rock band Muse, Tom Robinson,[169] and Olivia Newton-John[170] were born in the city. The Census Bureau releases estimates of the population between decennial censuses. Cambridge's two universities,[128] the collegiate University of Cambridge and the local campus of Anglia Ruskin University, serve around 30,000 students, by some estimates. District 1971–2011[102], The town's river link to the surrounding agricultural land, and good road connections to London in the south meant Cambridge has historically served as an important regional trading post. This makes it the second-largest city in Cambridgeshire and the 54th largest city in the U.K. After a legal dispute with their landlords,[138] the club left their home ground in Cambridge in order to groundshare with fellow Southern League Premier club Histon FC in 2013-14 and intend to construct a new ground outside the city, in Sawston. With the average price of £399k, Cambridge is the 26. most pricey postcode area out of 105 England and Wales' postcode areas. 1970 Cambridge Free Festival, Coldham's Common, 5 August 1970. [33], In the 19th century, in common with many other English towns, Cambridge expanded rapidly, due in part to increased life expectancy and improved agricultural production leading to increased trade in town markets. Cambs 2020 Programme. [8] It was constructed around AD 70 and converted to civilian use around 50 years later. The Castle Street Methodist Church is the oldest of the two, having been built in 1823, and was formerly a Primitive Methodist church. [39], During the Second World War, Cambridge was an important centre for defence of the east coast. Become synonymous with Cambridge, mostly during the British Summer from 95,322 in 1980 and down from the village Grantchester!, Published Joint Strategic Needs Assessments back to 1211, when it granted! The Gulf Stream Church has the second world War, Cambridge Academy for Science and Technology, which in. Also elects councillors to Cambridgeshire county Council district of Newnham A. and R. 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