They beat up and arrested students and professors. Carlos Newland ** Javier Ortíz *** ** Rector, Universidad Argentina de la Empresa, Argentina. Argentina is rich in resources, has a well-educated workforce, and is one of South America's largest economies. This national public holiday marks Argentina's independence from Spain which was declared on 9 July 1816. This elevated Buenos Aires to the same status as Lima and Mexico City, although it was still much smaller. Paraguay had already declared itself independent in 1811. A coalition of political parties issued the statement known as La Hora del Pueblo, calling for free and democratic elections which would include the Justicialist Party. In 1806-1807, Argentina's independence movement began when the British attacked Buenos Aires. José de San Martín: - Primary leader in the war for Argentine Independence - General in the battles for independence from 1812- 1818 - National Hero of Argentina - Fought in 1818 for Latin American Revolutions The Latin American region witnessed various revolutions in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Read the full-text online edition of Argentina, 1943-1976: The National Revolution and Resistance (1976). The Argentine Revolution of 1905also known as the Radical Revolution of 1905was a civil-military uprising organized by the Radical Civic Unionand headed by Hipólito Yrigoyenagainst the oligarchic dominanceknown as the Roquismoled by Julio Argentino Rocaand his National Autonomist Party. Argentinian Independence Around the turn of the 18th century, enlightenment ideas, social rivalries, and prohibitions on trade fueled the desire for social change. Beside these isolated actions, the Cordobazo uprising of 1969, called forth by the CGT de los Argentinos, and its Cordobese leader, Agustín Tosco, prompted demonstrations in the entire country. Berkeley: The University of California Press, 1991. After Argentina's independence, many other Latin American countries soon followed suit, thanks to José de San Martín. The Argentine Revolution, 1966-72 The military dominated Argentine politics once more after Illia's removal from office. The Argentine independence movement began in 1806, when British attacks on Buenos Aires were repelled by local militia with little help from Spain. He was as unpopular as his predecessors. THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF ARGENTINE INDEPENDENCE *. which led to the Latin American Wars of Independence. As he predicted back then, The capitalists having clutched the straw of Peronism, will turn to the stick of the generals once again. At the end of the month Onganía dismissed the leaders of the Armed Forces: Alejandro Lanusse replaced Julio Alsogaray, Pedro Gnavi replaced Benigno Varela, and Jorge Martínez Zuviría replaced Adolfo Alvarez. After de facto Independence from Spain in 1810 the economy of … Thus, Onganía had an interview with 46 CGT delegates, among them Vandor, who agreed on "participationism" with the military junta, thus uniting themselves with the Nueva Corriente de Opinión headed by José Alonso and Rogelio Coria. It is a leading food producer with large-scale agricultural and livestock industries. Source: Shumway, Nicolas. On the same night of August 22, 1972, the junta approved law 19,797, which proscribed any information concerning guerrilla organizations. Another junta was created, with Saavedra as president, Dr. Mariano Moreno, and Dr. Juan José Paso as secretaries, and committee members Dr. Manuel Alberti, Miguel de Azcuénaga, Dr. Manuel Belgrano, Dr. Juan José Castelli, Domingo Matheu, and Juan Larrea, most of whom were creoles and patriots. He was replaced by General Roberto Marcelo Levingston, who, far from calling free elections, decided to deepen the Revolución Argentina. The Argentine Revolution started in 1806, resulting in the declaration of Argentina's independence from Spain on July 9, 1816. Also important were the ramifications of Napoleon I ’s intervention in Spain, beginning in 1808. 1810 - The May Revolution occurs in Buenos Aires. In 1806-1807 the British made a determined effort to capture the city. 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